Urbanization in South America

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Urbanization in Latin America

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I. Introduction 3

II. Urbanization Process 4

III. Internal Migration and Urbanization 8

IV. Urban Systems 10

V. Conclusion 13

VI. Bibliography 14

I. Introduction

Urbanization is likely to be one of the defining phenomena of the 21st Century for Latin America as well as the rest of the developing world. The world as a whole became more urban than rural sometime in 2007, a demographic change that was driven by rapid urbanization in the developing countries. For the Latin American region, this
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This migration flow contributed to rapid urban growth, population concentration, and territorial expansion of these large cities. This process took place in relatively large cities with a significant consumer market together with a relatively good infrastructure and equipment.
Urbanization in Latin America increased in fifty years (1925-1975) from 25% to 61.2%. The pace of urbanization, however, declined between 1975 and 2000 and currently the proportion of people living in urban areas reached 75.3%. While for Latin America during the period 1925-1950 the urban growth rate almost doubled the total growth rate and the urbanization rate was 2.0%, more recently, between 1975-2000 the urban growth rate was just almost 50% higher than the total growth rate and the urbanization rate fell to 0.8%. To characterize the urbanization process within Latin America is not an easy task, since there is a great deal of heterogeneity among countries in terms of their population, territory and sociodemographic characteristics. In the year 2000 there are countries with population around 100 million inhabitants (Brazil and México) and other with less than five millions (Uruguay,Jamaica and Panamá).

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