Urinary Incontinence And Its Effects On Women

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Approximately seventy percent of people experience urinary incontinence (UI) as a result of being admitted into the hospital. Urinary incontinence is more prevalent in elderly people, and predominantly affects women more often than men. Urinary incontinence can be is described as the uncontrolled loss of urine, and can be broken down into five different types. The first type of urinary incontinence is stress incontinence, which occurs when there is involuntary emission of urine due to coughing, sneezing, or applying any increased pressure to the abdominal region. The second type is urge incontinence, which is when a person has a strong need to void, the bladder then spasms, and the person experiences a spontaneous loss of urine. The third type of incontinence that a person may experience is referred to as mixed incontinence. A person may experience a combination of symptoms from any of the five types of incontinence. The fourth type of incontinence is overflow incontinence. Typically a person’s bladder fills completely, often without the urge to void, resulting in urinary dribbling. Lastly, there is functional incontinence. During this type of incontinence a person is generally aware of the urge to void, but due to some physical or mental deficit, a person has the inability to make it to the restroom. This poses many problems for both the patient and for the hospitals. As the numbers for UI continue to rise, the risk for falls will increase, as well as increasing the amount
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