Urinary Incontinence

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Urinary Incontinence (UI) is the sudden loss of urine that passes through and it is an involuntary functioning of the bladder. In simpler terms, it means an individual urinates against their desire to do so, prior to reaching a restroom. When the muscles that make up the bladder are damaged, weak, overstimulated or if there is nerve damage, UI is the outcome. Due to being seen as an embarrassing topic UI typically is underreported although it is very prominent. According to the American Urological Association, one-quarter to one-third of men and women in the United States experiences some form of urinary incontinence (Nordqvist, 2016). This accounts for millions of people who live with this on a daily basis. This condition is more common in…show more content…
This activity puts “stress” on the body and the urethral sphincter and or pelvic floor muscles cannot hold urine within the bladder. Overactive bladder is when the one feels the want to take a restroom break even though the bladder is not full. This is caused by muscles of the bladder send signals to the brain that it is full and needs to be emptied. When both SUI or OAB occur together it is called mixed incontinence and can prove to be tough to handle. Overflow incontinence is seen more so in men, although it can affect women, and is when the bladder does not ever fully empty. The bladder is unable to empty due to a blockage that closes the urethra. Functional incontinence occurs when a person has some sort of ailment that affects their urinary tract. For example, one may have a lack of awareness to use the restroom because their medication impedes their thinking processes. Reflex incontinence is a consequence of neurological damage. This nerve damage impedes the ability of the bladder to send signals to the brain. The bladder contracts and as a result urine trickles. (Publishing) All forms of incontinence are a result of the parasympathetic (PNS) and sympathetic nervous systems’(SNS). When the PNS increases its functioning contractions of the bladder occur signaling the brain the need to urinate whereas a decrease of the SNS relax the muscles allowing urine
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