Urinary Tract Infection Essay

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A urinary tract infection or UTI is an infection that can happen anywhere along the urinary tract. Your urinary tract is the system that makes urine and carries it out of your body. Urinary tract infections can have different names, depending on what part of the urinary tract is infected. The infection can be in the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or the urethra. If the infection is in the bladder it is called cystitis or a bladder infection. If the infection is in the kidneys is it called pyelonephritis or a kidney infection. If the infection is in the urethra it is called urethritis. Most urinary tract infections are bladder infections. Infections in the ureters are very rare. UTIs are caused by germs, usually bacteria that enter the…show more content…
Some long term effects of having a UTI is kidney damage or scarring, and Sepsis (life-threatening blood infection). The risk of getting Sepsis is greater among the young, very old adults, and those whose bodies cannot fight infections. Lifestyle changes may help prevent some UTIs. To help prevent infection you could change your habits in bathing and hygiene, diet, and clothing. For bathing/hygiene take showers instead of baths, avoid bath oils, keep your genital area clean, and wipe from front to back after using the bathroom. For diet drink plenty of fluids (2 to 4 quarts each day), drink cranberry juice or use cranberry tablets, but don’t if you have a personal or family history of kidney stones, don’t drink fluids that irritate the bladder, like alcohol and caffeine. For clothing, don’t wear tight fitting pants, and only wear cotton underwear. Once you get a UTI there is treatment for it. But first, your doctor must first decide whether you have a mild or simple bladder or kidney infection, or how serious your infection is. If you have a mild bladder or kidney infection then your doctor will have you take antibiotics by mouth this is usually recommended because there is a risk that the infection can spread to the kidneys. “For a simple bladder infection, you will take antibiotics for 3 days (women) or 7 - 14 days (men).” Everyone with a bladder or kidney

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