Urinary Tract Infections Essay

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INTRODUCTION

In the human body, there are systems that provide different functions and help the body to operate more efficiently. The urinary system is one in particular designed to help the body remain free of excess that we no longer need. “The urinary tract is the drainage system used for removing wastes and extra water. The urinary tract includes two kidneys, two ureters, a bladder, and a urethra. The kidneys are a pair of “bean-shaped” organs, each about the size of a fist. The kidneys are located below the ribs, one on each side of the spine, towards the middle of the back.” (NIDDK, 2013) Every several minutes, your kidneys filter around three ounces of blood, also then removing wastes and extra water. That extra water and
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If the infection spreads to your kidneys, symptoms may include, shaking or night sweats, fatigue and a general ill feeling, fever above 101 degrees Fahrenheit, pain in flanks, back, or groin area, flushed appearance in skin, heightened temperature, mental changes or confusion (in the elderly), nausea, vomiting, and severe abdominal pain.

ETIOLOGY
Most urinary tract infections are primarily caused by bacteria that live in the bowel region of the body. The bacterium Escherichia coli, commonly referred to as “E. coli”, causes most UTIs. The urinary tract has several systems to prevent infection. The points where the ureters attach to the bladder act as only one way valves to prevent urine from moving back up toward the kidneys. Urination is intended to wash microbes and any infectious bacteria out of the body. In males, the prostate gland produces secretions that slow down bacterial growth in the urinary tract. In both woman and men, immune defenses try to prevent infections, but despite these safety procedures put in place by the body, infections still do occur in some individuals. COMPLICATIONS
Most urinary tract infections are not serious, but some infections if left untreated can lead to serious problems. Some urinary infections can travel to the kidneys. Chronic kidney

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