Urinary Tract Symptoms: A Case Study

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All the discussed symptoms are collectively known as lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Symptoms develops gradual and worsen over time. Complications associated with BPH include bloody urine, bladder or kidney infection, bladder stones, hydronephrosis, and renal insufficiency (Buttaro et al., 2013). Mr. A experienced both obstructive and irritative symptoms. The intervention plan aims at treating his condition and improving the symptoms. In addition, prevention and management of the disease process is essential to avoid future complications. The interdisciplinary team to include in the intervention plan comprise of the APN, urologist, and registered nurse (RN). The APN in collaboration with the urologist complete a clinical evaluation by obtaining a thorough medical history, physical examination, and laboratory test to determine the appropriate treatment. Buttaro et al. (2013) point out that urinalysis is important to rule out infection and hematuria. Creatinine level is essential to assess renal function. Serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and digital rectal examination (DRE) are also done to determine hyperplasia. Lower abdominal ultrasound is obtained to…show more content…
The spouse should be part of the patient education to help him better manage his condition and live a healthier and happier life. The education should focus on the risk factors associated with BPH which include age, lifestyle factors, and metabolic disturbances such as obesity, high cholesterol, diabetes, and hypertension. Obesity is associated with increase in prostate volume and progression of urinary symptoms (Parsons, 2010). Mr. A have medical history of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and android obesity. To decrease the risk factors, he should be instructed to increase physical activity in order to maintain healthy weight, eat healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, linoleic acid and vitamin D (Parsons,
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