1. There are a few trends in the US airline industry. One is consolidation, wherein existing players merge in an attempt to lower their costs and generate operating synergies. The most recent major merger was the United Continental merger, which is still an ongoing affair, but has created the largest airline in the United States by market share (Martin, 2012). Another trend is towards low-cost carriers. In the US, Southwest has been a long-running success and JetBlue a strong new competitor, but in other countries this business model has proven exceptionally successful. The third major trend is the upward trend in jet fuel prices, and the increasing importance that this puts on hedging fuel prices and capacity management (Hinton, 2011).
The Risk of Entry by Potential Competitors – Since the deregulation of the airline industry in 1978 over 1,300 new airlines have opened for business. However, most now are bankrupt or merged with the other carriers to stay workable. The established giants were Delta (merged with Northwest), American Airlines (merged with U.S. Airways), United Airlines (merged with Continental), and now Alaska Airlines (merged with Virgin America). Now the Low-Cost Carriers (LCCs) are posing a massive threat which includes Southwest Airlines (merged with Air Tran), and JetBlue.
The United States carries over one third of the globe’s total traffic, where Over 1.5 billion passengers fly annually. Over the past 20 years, air travel has grown at an average of about 5% per year, the reason for annual change is usually differences in economic growth, and of course other environmental factors, such as the current war. As a rule, the annual growth in air travel has been about twice the annual growth in GDP. Deregulation, liberalization, and competition have essentially altered the management strategies and practices of airlines. Productivity improvements and cost management have been two of the greatest concerns for US airlines for the past twenty years. As a whole, the airline industry must continue to improve their specialization in terms of fleet utilization, pricing and revenue management, and schedule optimization.
American Airlines has went through bankruptcy and a merger, and they are still flying. Many people would identify American Airlines (AAL) as once being “great.” Today, it is not seen as highly as it once was, but the CEO, Doug Parker, believes the company will, in fact, be great again. He is quoted in multiple articles stating the company is working hard to make AAL “the greatest airline in the world.”
The following report of American Airlines and United Airlines, two American based airlines, analyzes and compares the composition of their respective fleets. These two air carriers are major airlines in the United States. Both airlines serve domestic and international flight, and since the year of 2006 have merged with other airlines. The report compares the aircraft inventory and age for American Airlines and United Airlines from the year 2006 until 2015, and incorporates the airlines that have merged with these in the time frame. The analysis utilizes data provided by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology through their Airline Data Project, as well as data gathered by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
The domestic US airline industry has been intensely competitive since it was deregulated in 1978. In a regulated environment, most of the cost increases were passed along to consumers under a fixed rate-of-return based pricing scheme. This allowed labor unions to acquire a lot of power and workers at the major incumbent carriers were overpaid. After deregulation, the incumbent carriers felt the most pain, and the floodgates had opened for newer more nimble carriers with lower cost structures to compete head-on with the established airlines. There were several bankruptcies followed by a wave of consolidation with the fittest carriers surviving and the rest being
After six consecutive years of profitability, the U.S airline industry was descended into a downward spiral. The number of passengers flying dropped from 56 million in August 2001 to 30 million in September with no passengers for two days after the attacks (Poling). It took three years for the airlines to reach the 56 million passenger mark again. The impact on the travel industry, specifically the airlines, was more severe than in other areas.
At the onset of the airline industry in the United States, major network airlines were the sole providers of air travel. This multifaceted industry was a difficult industry to break into as a consequence of “sophisticated customer segmentation, hub-and spoke models and costly information systems for reservations, fare wars and intense competition” (Thompson 2008). Shrinkage in airline ticket prices augmented the demand for airline travel. Many markets were simply deserted or over-looked by major network airlines; this is a region a fresh “second tier of service providers” could enter into. This endeavor proved to provide a consumer savings of billions per year. Thus in June of 1971, after a tumultuous battle with other Texas-based
The trend line is a indicator that gives an idea about long-run performance of an industry. Key trend area to look into in terms of the airline industry is cost. The airline industry is very sensitive to cost such as fuel, labor, and borrowing costs. Fuel prices tend to fluctuate on a monthly basis. It is very important to pay close attention to these costs.
In recent years, the U.S. airline industry has been restructured and consolidated into a number of mergers. By 2014, the top 6 airlines controlled 94% of domestic market share by available seat miles. Mergers in the U.S. airline industry reduce competition and increase efficiency in resource utilization. It also benefits customers with a wider range of coverage with more routes and destinations. It was inevitable for American Airline to become a merger. After 2005, when the top airlines merged (Delta with Northwest and United with Continental), American was starting to lose its market share to its peers. Competitors took advantage of enlarged capacities and geographic coverage, while America was struggling to maintain its unit revenue. American’s
U.S. airline industry rivalry is extremely fierce, driven by changes that have increased buyer power and the threat of new entrants. While the threat of substitutes is low and the power of suppliers has remained largely unchanged, these forces have been offset to changes in buyer power
airline industry has never matched the profitability of even the average U.S. corporation (ATA Report, 2007). In its “”FAA Aerospace Forecast Fiscal Years 2008–2025,” the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reported on the industry’s 36 mainline air carriers that use large passenger jets (over 90 seats) and 84 regional carriers that use smaller piston, turboprop, and regional jet aircraft (up to 90 seats) to provide connecting passengers to the larger carriers (FAA, FAA Aerospace Forecast Fiscal Years 2008–2025, A Review of 2007), stating that “three distinct trends have occurred over the past several years that have helped shape today’s U.S. commercial air carrier industry: (1) major restructuring and shrinking by the mainline network carriers; (2) rapid growth by low-cost carriers, particularly in nontraditional long-distance transcontinental markets; and (3) exceptional growth among regional carriers.”
This proposed merger would create the largest airline in the United States by market share, with a combined 21.2% of the domestic market using pre-merger market share levels (see Figure 1). The proposed merger would also bring the total number of major domestic airlines down to four: Delta, United, Southwest and the proposed new airline. These major domestic carriers would combine to control roughly 69% of the market, a dominant position.
In April 1992, American Airlines launched "Value Pricing" -- a radical simplification of the complex pricing structure that had evolved over more than a decade following deregulation of the U.S. domestic airline industry. American expected that the new pricing structure would benefit consumers and restore profitability to both American and the industry as a whole. The critical issue raised is: Would American's bold initiative work?
Airlines Industry is large and growing, it is also the most fiercely competitive sector. It facilitates international trade, world economy growth, tourism and international investment. The airline industry has over time with the use of modern technology been able to take advantage of the short haul, high frequency and gained a competitive advantage over other forms of travel, such as buses and railroad travel. Additionally, the airline industry still holds the market for global travel at a low cost and convenient way to travel. The aviation industry gives a good contribution to the GDP which includes the following: airline services, general aviation, civil airport operations, aircraft manufacturing, and