Use Of Music And Its Effects On Patients With Dementia

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Step 1: Read the Article:
1. Read the Abstract. This is a brief summary of the research questions that are targeted and the methods that are used to answer those questions.
First thoughts: By reading the abstract one can gain the knowledge that due to the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987, LTC facilities are required to provide the highest well-being for its residents. It states that the therapeutic use of music could be a method to decrease the disruptive vocalizations associated with patients with dementia. 2. Read the Introduction. This is the beginning of the article, which contains information about the author’s interest in the research, why they chose the topic, and their hypothesis.
First thoughts: The introduction of this article lists two treatment approaches that exist to treat repetitive disruptive vocalizations (RDV). They are the use of medications and environment modifications. Due to the adverse side effects of medications, OBRA required the reevaluation of behavior control in DAT patients living in LTC facilities. The authors write that altering the environment to be more sensory appealing instead of using medications is a possible treatment option. This study was conducted to determine what effect the presence of music had on the frequency of RDV in three LTC residents.

3. Read the Discussion Section. This information will explain the main findings in great detail and discuss any methodological problems and flaws that the researchers discovered.
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