Use of Robotics in Health Care Sector

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We are all familiar with the ‘ROBOTS’. So, the question is that, “WHAT IS A ROBOT?” The answer lies here: A robot is a mechanical or virtual artificial agent, usually an electro-mechanical machine that is guided by a computer program or electronic circuitry. Robots can be autonomous, semi-autonomous or remotely controlled and range from humanoids such as ASIMO and TOPIO to Nano robots, 'swarm ' robots, and industrial robots. By mimicking a lifelike appearance or automating movements, a robot may convey a sense of intelligence or thought of its own. Robots are said to be the future of mankind.
WHAT IS THE USE OF ROBOTS IN HEALTH CARE SECTOR? Scientists say that, by 2050 one in four people in the world will be over the age of 65. The NHS
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Currently in health care, robots are mainly used for surgical purposes. Various surgical procedures like hip replacement are being implemented using these robots. Robots could be used to perform minimal invasive surgery, remote surgery, and unmanned surgery. The use of Robotics in Health care has the following advantages: 1) Accuracy - Robots once instructed can perform a task without fatigue and with accuracy, even after long hours of operation. A robot would also eliminate hand-tremors of the surgeon, due to fatigue or other reasons and increase accuracy of the operation. 2) Smaller Scars - Robots perform surgery by making smaller cuts to the patient’s body, thus leaving smaller scars to the patients. 3) Less Blood Loss - Smaller incisions lead to lesser amount of blood loss for the patients. 4) Less Pain - Patients suffer lesser pain due to the smaller cuts made by the robots. 5) Faster Recovery - Smaller external cuts, eventually leads to faster healing, decreased possibility of infections, and therefore a faster recovery for the patients. 6) Shorter Hospital Stay - Speedier healing and recovery leads to a shorter stay in the hospital thus saving costs.
The value of robotics for health care could be huge in terms of health, societal and economic benefits. Robotics offers the promise of sustainable and affordable health provision without compromising quality of care. Some robots have already been tested,
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