Everyone has primacy effects to the person that he or she first meets, maybe base on the dressing, behaviors, even hair style. People always want to give others a good first impression, especially searching for a job or having an interview, because sometimes it is hard to change the formed first impression, and this first impression may decide whether they can have jobs or not. However, the absolute thing does not exist in the world. A bias named recency effect comes out. Recency effect is something may leads people to change the first impression. Perhaps just a casually action, or an accumulated over a long period hard working, the first impression will be changed. For example, Cady has a not bad impression on Regina, for Regina is really beautiful and cute, like a Barbie doll. But everything changes after Regina seduces Aaron, who is the boy Cady really loves. The first impression is ruined, Cady becomes hating Regina, and wants to revenge
Self-fulfilling prophecy is described as any expectation, whether it is positive or negative, about a situation or occurrence that influences an individual’s behavior in such a way that it provides reason that the expectation is to be achieved. While I am employed in an educational setting, an educator may possibly give an expectation of a student being disruptive and ill-mannered. I work with behavioral special education students would have a tendency to disrupt class.
FEAP 1 is addressed in the lesson through the state-adopted standards, prior knowledge, formative assessments as a form of monitoring, and collaboration with my cooperating teacher. FEAP 2 is addressed through a student-centered environment that is safe, organized, flexible, inclusive, and collaborative. FEAP 3 is addressed through the delivering of an engaging and challenging lesson with the utilization of strategies and higher-order questioning. FEAP 4 is addressed through the alignment of objectives to assessments, variations of tools to monitor student progress, modifications, and the application of technology. FEAP 5 is addressed through the utilization of data-informed research, adjusted planning, the effectiveness of lessons, and the teacher’s application of professional development knowledge. Lastly, FEAP 6 is addressed through the application of the Code of Ethics and Principles of Professional Conduct. I will continue to grow as it relates to the artifact by reflecting after every lesson/observation and improving of behavior modifications in order to subside a certain behavior so the learning is much more smooth. As it relates to the FEAPs, I will continue to apply every FEAP and work on bettering the implementation of each FEAP more
Students have their own best way in effectively learning the lesson. With the diversity of students, the problem is each student has a preferred learning style. It becomes undeniably one of the reasons that make it difficult to achieve the best expected outcome out of teachers’ effort. However, teachers try to incorporate various teaching techniques to make every learning opportunity become productive, meaningful, and relevant for the learners.
This independent reading report focuses on Tools For Teachers by Fred Jones. This book is excellent at describing the nuts and bolts of teaching. It is a refreshing balance to the theoretical works of Vygotsky and Piaget, and it is a solid start for people who are focused on the tangible, practical aspects of what to do at 8am on their first day of classes, when the “Zone of Proximal Development” just doesn’t seem helpful enough. Dr. Jones, a psychologist from UCLA, based his methods off of countless hours of observing natural teachers. When he’d interview these naturals and asked them why they were successful, he found they weren’t able to articulate the tangible things they were doing. This book is Dr. Jones’ best shot at this articulation. It’s a practitioner’s manual; backed up by evidence, but not overloaded with jargon. It is the best educational book I have ever read. In this report, I will describe how Dr. Jones defines classroom management, detail the primary tenants of his system, discuss the differences and similarities of Dr. Jones’ system to the research and ideas we’ve learned about in class, and present how the ideas from Tools For Teaching have practical application in my own future classroom.
More often than not, the outcomes of events that occur in a person’s life is the product of the idea of the self-fulfilling prophecy. It is that which “occurs when a person’s expectations of an event make the outcome more likely to occur than would otherwise have been true” (Adler and Towne, Looking Out, Looking In 66). Or restated, as Henry Ford once put it, “If you think you can, you can. If you think you can’t, you’re right!” This brief research paper touches on the two types of self-fulfilling prophecies, those that are self-imposed and those that are imposed by others. Additionally, it gives a discussion on how great of an influence it is in each person’s life, both positively and negatively, and how it consequently helps to mold
Predestination, in the dictionary, is said to be "the doctrine that God in consequence of his foreknowledge of all events infallibly guides those who are destined for salvation." Scripture has 2 very good passages for defining what predestination is: Jeremiah 1:5 which says "Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart; I appointed you as a prophet to the nations." God is talking about Jeremiah in this passage and how God chose him before time; he was predestined for his job. Romans 8:28-30 "And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed
Hence, after we look at all these case studies, we could conclude that the students’ academic performance is clearly tied to teacher’s expectation. In other words, the students who were deemed as “better” or “good” ends up achieving better also due to the higher expectation that the teacher was giving to them. These result, especially Rosenthal and Jacobson’s, demonstrated extremely powerful self-fulfilling prophecy on the part of the teacher. This is because when a teacher forms certain expectations towards their students based on whatever characteristics
The psychology theorists of the past have shaped the classrooms of the present. There are many theorists that have affected the teaching styles of today and a theorist that has had a major impact is Lev Vygotsky. Vygotsky’s work interests me much because his concepts and ideas encompass many of the ways in which teachers teach in today’s classrooms. The ideas he presented have contoured the strategies of teachers. It is interesting to look into the reasons why teachers have adopted some of the strategies they use and many of those reasons are formed from the original ideas of Vygotsky.
Students are placed in the responsibility of their own learning and understanding while the teachers encourage students to be more independent and more exploratory. The teachers will foster a sense of autonomy in the learning process as they act as a source of experiences. In addition, as the students watch their teacher makes mistakes, they will learn those failures are part of the learning process. The students will soon realize that mistakes are natural in life and it will serve as stepping stones to
James was referred to the counselling service for chronic low mood in terms of demonstrating depressed mood, worthless and hopeless feeling, and marked diminished interests or pleasure in university activities and social relationship activities. Based on his background information, it seems that James’ early life experiences and his developed core beliefs of self, world and future have huge impacts on his chronic low mood symptoms.
This research article was taken from the Association for Psychological Science (APS) Journal. This specific issue had a total of ten articles, and while they are covering different topics and studies, some of them do focus on similar ideas. Psychology is all about the study of the mind, and how it has different parts intended for unique functions. It seems like a good portion of the articles for this specific journal deal with emotions and how the body interprets them. One article deals with the stress of different generations, while another deals with an individual’s willpower against sugar. There is an article about self-esteem and how that varies during a lifetime, as well as an article on cooperation. The article that will be specifically discussed in this research paper also has to deal with how the body interprets things when it comes to a stressful situation, such as a crime. It looks at how reliable eyewitness testimony is after traumatic events, specifically in regards to lineups.
It has been previously proven, that in the first few moments of meeting someone, we form an opinion of them. The problem with this idea is stereotypes. One of our society's biggest mistake is that we judge people based on what they look like, or how they act.