Using Herbal Plants for Medicine, A section of a Research Study

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All over the world, more than 80, 000 species of plants are used for medicinal use. Herbal drugs are derived either from whole plant or from different organs of the plants (Trivedi 2010). For instance, leaves, roots, stems, flowers, bark, seed, fruits, rhizomes, etc. Medicinal plants consist of whole extracts of the plant parts which contains abundance of active molecules. The total sales of the herbal products in the western countries were estimated to be around 1.6 billion US dollar (Aronson 2009). The traditional methods of using herbal plants for medicinal used are being widely used. Due to the population rise, inadequate supply of drugs, prohibitive cost of treatment, side effects of several allopathic drugs, development of…show more content…
The compounds play important role in plant life cycle starting from protection from predators, for instance, alkaloids, from stress and in reproduction by attracting pollinators. These secondary metabolites produced by the plants have various bioactive properties and used to treat various diseases. There are many sources which are rich in bioactive compounds, especially herbal plants like A. paniculata. Other examples are rosemary, sage, shells, oats, rice, locorice, thyme, mustard leaf seed and other types of seeds and plants (Aruoma 2003). Biotechnological approaches have been used to facilitate the conservation and sustainable employment of the genetic diversity of the medicinal plants. Biotechnological approaches commonly used are such as micropropagation, axillary shoot proliferation, organogenesis, somatic embryogenesis and other cell culture (Gupta et al. 2010). Plant tissue culture has been widely employed for to efficiently and rapidly multiply and preserve genetic stability of the plant material. Plant tissue culture has offered a viable solution for the production of phytochemicals through mass production of consistent plant material for physiological characterization and analysis of active ingredients (Arora 2010). It has been reported that the production of secondary metabolites is higher in differentiated tissues than intact plants (Smith 2013). Thus, several attempts have been made to generate shoot and
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