Using Relevant Theories and Examples, Explain How Motivation Can Affect Employees' Commitment and Performance at Work.

1904 Words Feb 22nd, 2008 8 Pages
The aim of this essay is to give an in depth explanation on the effect that motivation can have on an employees' commitment and performance at work. It will examine several different motivational theories and their criticisms. It will also look at how differing attitudes of an employee affect motivation. Finally it will examine how motivation is linked to commitment and performance at work.

What is Motivation? Motivation can be described as a driving force within us. It makes people try and achieve certain targets in order to satisfy a particular need or expectation. It makes an individual behave in a certain way and makes them make decisions to act in a certain way and to continue with these actions until they satisfy their needs and
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The ERG theory attempts to address differences in culture and is therefore an improvement on Maslow's Hierarchy. In addition the order of needs may be different for different people. The ERG theory also recognised that if a higher-order need is frustrated; an individual may increase the satisfaction of a lower-order need that may be easier to satisfy. This is known as the Frustration-regression principle.

Comparisons can be made between Maslow's theories and Herzberg's theories.
Herzberg's (1959) provides a two factor theory of motivation and job satisfaction. The first factors is "hygiene" or "maintenance" and the other "motivators" or
"growth" factors. The hygiene or maintenance factor serves to avoid unpleasantness at work, whereas the "motivators or growth factor serve to motivate. These factors will affect feelings of satisfaction. It can be argued that the lower level needs of Maslow's hierarchy relate to the extrinsic/hygiene factors of Herzberg's two factor theory.
There are criticisms to Herzberg's theory as it is believed that it mainly relates to workers in unskilled jobs, or work that is uninteresting and repetitive.

Having attempted to define motivation and the needs behind individuals' motivation it is important to explore the different ways in which people can be motivated in the workplace. Many individuals are motivated by tangible reward. The most obvious reward is