Using the Cultural Dimensions Explored in Module 1, Discuss Some of the Ways in Which Australian and New Zealand Citizens Are Members of Cultures or Clusters That Are Different from the Clusters in Indonesia (About 800

4416 Words Apr 15th, 2013 18 Pages
Using the cultural dimensions explored in Module 1, discuss some of the ways in which Australian and New Zealand citizens are members of cultures or clusters that are different from the clusters In Indonesia (about 800 words). Insert the bar chart that you created in the research activity as an Appendix , but use the descriptions of differences between the countries in the text.
Hofstede (2005) describes the five dimensions of basic cultural values as follows:
• Expectations regarding equality among people, called “power distance” - PDI
• Expectations regarding reactions to situations considered different and dangerous, called “uncertainty avoidance” - UAI
• Relationships between the individual and the group, called “individualism” -
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(Cullen 2011, p.49).
Masculinity We know that in general men and woman exercise different roles in the workplace, as for males, they focus a lot on achievement, self-reliance and motivation and woman focus on nurturance and responsibility(Cullen 2011, p.50-51). Australia and New Zealand scored higher than Indonesia on masculinity and in general this means that in Australia and New Zealand most of the jobs are defined by gender and although there is not a vast difference in scoring Indonesia’s scoring is lower at 46 in comparison to Australia at the top at 61 and New Zealand at 58. The main difference is that men tend to choose longer term jobs in comparison to women, the men also accept expatriate jobs much more easily when compared to women as women have to care and nurture their families.(Cullen 2011,p 51-52)

Uncertainty Avoidance The uncertainty and avoidance scores are very close together, Australia at 51, New Zealand at 49 and Indonesia at 48 and Uncertainty avoidance is Indonesia’s second highest score which is 48. Even though Indonesia has the second highest score in uncertainty avoidance index, it is still a low score compared to a world average of 64 and Asian countries’ average of 58 (International Business Center, 2003). Low uncertainty avoidance for Indonesia reflects that communities are less aware of threat caused by uncertain
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