Utilitarianism And Its Effect On Society

1257 WordsNov 6, 20156 Pages
Utilitarianism Utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain and the privation of pleasure.” (CW, X.210) (Heydt). There are several varieties of utilitarianism. “Basically, a utilitarian approach to morality implies that no moral act (an act of stealing) or rule (“Keep your promises”) is intrinsically right or wrong. Rather, the rightness or wrongness of an act or rule is solely a matter of the overall nonmoral good (pleasure, happiness, health, knowledge, or satisfaction of individual desire) produced in the consequences of doing that act or following that rule (Moreland, 2009).” I will argue the believe of Utilitarian’s way of the purpose of morality is to make life better by “increasing the amount of good things” (such as pleasure and happiness) in the world and “decreasing the amount of bad things” (such as pain and unhappiness) (Nathanson). I will begin by stating my argument. One reason the utilitarian way of doing things is true it’s because we can choose to make less damage and pain in doing the morally right choice. For example, let’s say you are driving down a road late at night, your eyes are already tired and they are starting to close, so you start losing control of the car. You only have two choices, if you turn left you will hit two
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