Utilitarianism And Its Flaws Of John Stuart Mill 's Defends Utilitarianism Essay

1307 Words6 Pages
Christian Mangru
Professor Grindeland
Ethics from a Global Perspective
7 December 2016 Utilitarianism and its Flaws
John Stuart Mill’s defends utilitarianism, an ethical theory according to which, as he puts it, “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness” (155 Ethics). In other words, actions are morally right if they make us happy and actions are morally wrong if they make us unhappy. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory in which an action is morally right if it increases the amount of pleasure and morally wrong if it decreases the amount of pleasure in the world.
Mills purposes the Greatest Happiness Principle that holds pleasure as being happiness with the complete absences of pain, and unhappiness as being the promotion of pain with the privation of pleasure (155 Ethics). Whereas, pain being anything that brings suffering into a decisional matter. Also, the right action is the action that produces a higher balance of happiness over suffering, meaning the better action results in the most happiness and least suffering. Actions are always done for the sake of an end. The end is referring to the consequence that the action brings. Actions are justifiable based on the consequence to which they give. Mills believed that actions should produce the largest sum of happiness rather than just a minimal amount of happiness. Utility is the means of happiness minus suffering with happiness always

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