Utilitarianism And Its Moral Value

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Utilitarianism is a theory that delineates the bounds of morality with respect to actions taken by individuals in terms of what produces the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people. The principle seeks to define first the morality of an action, allowing for the morality of a person to be derived based on the intent behind the respective action. The fundamentals of a person’s morality are then presented in a form that labels the person behind a morally defined action as either praiseworthy or blameworthy, a conclusion based directly on the intent behind an action.
The central concept behind utilitarianism, happiness, requires that there be an objective fact of the matter about how much happiness exists. Before defining happiness, instrumental and intrinsic value must also be introduced, as they are necessary concepts for defining the relationship between an action and its moral value. Instrumental value revolves around a certain “anything’s” usefulness in seeing a process through completion, while a certain “anything’s” intrinsic value stems from existential value alone. For example, a pair of glasses’ instrumental value comes from its usefulness in allowing a person to see clearly, while happiness itself is the certain “anything” with intrinsic value. As such, happiness exists as a plausible measure in defining the morality behind an action. If happiness is the only “anything” that has value simply in and of itself, then measuring total net happiness
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