Utilitarianism And Kantian Ethics Analysis

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The choices we make in life are guided by ethical theories we adhere to. Utilitarianism and Kantian ethics are two systems that provide a way to approach life decisions, big and small. Utilitarianism, nicknamed “The Greatest Happiness” states that the ethical choice is the choice that yields the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people. Kantian ethics, also called duty ethics, explains that for any action, people must act according to common principles, with no significance placed on the outcome. The ethical theories, utilitarianism and Kantian ethics both promote objective good but differ greatly in the process for evaluating the morality of our actions.
The core beliefs of these ethical theories are complex. The
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Although Utilitarianism and Kantian ethics have different core beliefs, they share similarities in their ideology.
Utilitarianism and Kantian ethics approach the decision-making process differently. Utilitarianism focuses on the results of one’s actions, while duty-based ethics emphasizes the initial goals of an action rather than the results. The consequences of decisions determine whether they are right or wrong in utilitarianism. The best results have the most utility and benefit for the majority. An example of utilitarianism is if you are walking along the beach and you notice a man drowning. You know how to swim and the only disadvantage for you would be getting your clothes wet. Under utilitarianism, the ethical choice is to rescue the man because his life would be saved and his loved ones would not have to grieve his loss. Your inconvenience of getting wet is insignificant when the majority of people in this situation will benefit. Kantian ethics has a completely opposite process. All choices are based on duty and doing the right thing based on moral principles. These moral principles are rules that are universal and ingrained in society, such as do not lie, do not steal, and do not kill. The consequences of decisions under Kantian ethics are irrelevant because it is concerned with intentions. Duty ethics can be applied to many aspects of
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