Utilitarianism And Utilitarianism

887 WordsApr 6, 20174 Pages
Utilitarianism and Kantianism are some of the popular moral philosophical theories that have been used to deliberate on ethical matters in the society. The business world, systems of government, healthcare system, and other facets of the society are dependent on the provisions of these theories. Utilitarianism and Kantianism were developed by Jeremy Bentham and Immanuel Kant respectively. While these theories can be applied in a beneficial manner in a wide array of areas, it is clear that Kantianism is more effective than utilitarianism. Utilitarianism and Kantianism have different ways of determining what is ethically good or bad. Utilitarianism proposes that the morality of an action is dependent on the consequences. Furthermore, the…show more content…
Kantianism rejects the idea of examining the nature of our consequences because one can never be certain that their actions will beneficial. The complicated nature of the consequences that people may face as a result of their actions is what motivates the idea of rejecting a consideration of the aftermath of certain undertakings. Kantianism is consistent, impartial, and rational in its application (Ware 739). The respect for persons as we examine morality does not have mean or average consequences. The theory only recognizes actions as either absolute wrong or right. There are only two extremes of the spectrum and this does not leave out any gray areas. For instance, murder is absolutely unethical and an action that should not be tolerated as we pursue respect for human life. Kantianism also lessens the burden of determining the rightness or wrongness of an action by upholding the categorical imperative. Categorical imperative is a concept that determines the quality of an action from the deliberations of practical reasoning (Ware 733). When an individual lies because they are trying to protect someone from getting hurt, proponents of Kantianism call this a moral failure. On the other hand, utilitarianism upholds such a lie as ethical because the individual being deceived does not get hurt. It is highly unlikely that the lie will remain a secret before the truth comes out and this will
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