Utilitarianism By John Stuart Mill

Decent Essays
Analysis Paper 2 In the essay “Utilitarianism” by John Stuart Mill, he explains his support for utilitarianism and argues any misconceptions of it. In his essay he talks about the difference between higher and lower pleasures and what significance they have in his utilitarian moral theory. His theory is based on the rule that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.” Many people experience different kinds of pleasure and he talks about how they can differ in quality and quantity. Mills talks about higher and lower pleasures and what they mean. Higher and lower pleasures are two things that bring someone pleasure but pleasure one brings greater pleasure than pleasure 2. Although pleasure 2 brings the person happiness, pleasure 1 has a greater affect on their happiness and the person will always choose pleasure 1. Even is the quantity is greater in pleasure two they will still choose pleasure one because of the quality. Typically when someone experiences the higher pleasure they will not choose the lower pleasure when given the option. Once people have experienced a higher pleasure they will never want to go back to choosing the lower pleasure except in extreme circumstances. For example someone might get pleasure from eating McDonalds, but one day they decide to go to chipotle instead and find out that they like it much better than McDonalds. The next time that person is hungry and having to
Get Access