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Utilitarianism In Ancient Rome

Decent Essays
After the Ancient Greeks lost their power and faded away, Rome took its place as the new power. From a republic to an empire, Rome quickly grew into the world’s leading nation. Unlike Greece, Rome did not focus on innovation but rather shifted their attention on improving and adapting methods that already exist to create a more practical and “Roman” style. Rome’s worldview of Utilitarianism, which can be seen in all aspects of Roman life including government, architecture and literature united the nation into a distinct and prosperous empire. One major method the Roman government emphasized Utilitarianism was through law. The idea of written law had existed from at least the time of Ancient Babylon, when King Hammurabi created the code…show more content…
Tablet number nine stated that people cannot be executed until after being convicted in a trial. This was different from other ancient civilizations, where leaders would often execute people at their will, regardless of whether they were guilty or not. Not only was the application of a jury a practical method to ensure the laws were being applied justly, it also prevented those with power from mistreating the powerless. Under tablet number nine all Roman citizens, regardless of gender or class, were protected from unreasonable execution (Messner 11-28-2016). Although the law exempted slaves, the laws created a practical system of protection for a majority of the people in…show more content…
One of the most practical and effective structures the Romans built was the aqueduct. Fresh water was a necessity for any civilization to survive, and Rome found the perfect solution in distributing a water source into different parts of the city. Aqueducts were long and tall pathways for water that could be built in and around the city of Rome. The water came from different sources of water such as rivers. Although the Romans did not invent the idea of aqueducts, they mastered the method of building them. Since the system relies purely on gravity, the angle was important. The Romans calculated the angle of the aqueducts so that water could travel extremely long distances without it being stagnant or it moving too rapidly that it damaged the aqueducts (Messner
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