Utilitarianism Vs. Kant 's Deontology

2126 WordsOct 23, 20149 Pages
Consequence and Principles: Utilitarianism vs. Kant 's Deontology Both utilitarianism and deontology are normative ethical theories. Normative ethics is a branch of philosophical ethics that investigates the set of questions that arise when considering how one should morally act. (Meriam Webster Dictionary, 1) Utilitarianism and deontology have often been discussed throughout the history of ethics, and both have had many adaptations of the concepts. Utilitarianism is defined as a doctrine that the useful is the good and that the determining consideration of right conduct should be the usefulness of its consequences. (Merriam Webster Dictionary, 2) Deontology is defined as the study of one’s moral obligation. (Merriam Webster Dictionary, 3) Utilitarianism is thought to be one of the most powerful and persuasive consequentialist approaches to normative ethics. (Plamenatz, 1) Consequentialism is defined as the theory that the value and especially the moral value of an act should be judged by the value of its consequences. (Merriam Webster Dictionary, 4) Utilitarianism was created by Jeremy Bentham in a book published, in the year 1789, titled An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation. The book defined the principle of utility, which led to the formation of the utilitarian theory. Jeremy Bentham was born in London, England in 1748. He was an English philosopher, economist, and theoretical jurist from 1763 to 1832. (Plamenatz, 2) Bentham’s utilitarian theory

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