Utilitarianism Vs. Utilitarianism By John Stuart Mill

2839 Words Oct 15th, 2014 12 Pages
It is undeniably true that our actions are governed by systems of morality, and our actions all define our society. A society is constructed of moral values, actions, and laws; hence these aspects all strive to make it a stable one. In order to create peace and harmony, it is crucial that we do good deeds and perform ethical actions. However, what defines goodness? When is it that our actions deem ethical in terms of pleasure and happiness? Two important historical figures have provided two sets of ethical theories, a concrete moral system in Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kant and a utilitarianism system in Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill. Both use strong arguments to help draw focus to different and possible perspectives to view a good society and discover basic moral norms. . Despite the essentially opposite viewpoints in their arguments, both serve an important contribution to our ethical viewpoints.
Through a comparative study between the non-consequentialist and consequentialist aspects of Kant and Mill’s ethical theories, one would be able to further acknowledge and evaluate the motives of our actions clearly In terms of the conception of good and ways to carry out good actions, Kant and Mill have different approaches towards what we should focus on when evaluating our actions. Kant proposes that the good will and intentions of an action do not take any practical considerations of the results of how the action will aid or harm us into an…

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