Essay about Utopian Literature

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Utopian Literature

The history of western civilization has been the story of the class struggle.1 In opposition to the class struggle, many have offered to restrict or even totally eliminate class distinctions and replace them with the panacea of utopia. Utopia was made popular by the theologian and philosopher, Thomas More. Whereas Karl Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto and others preached the idea of a utopian society, several individuals crafted timeless works of literature to elucidate --or in most cases dispute-- the ideals of any type of utopia. Of the vast number of works that reference, condone, or refute utopian ideals, several have been fairly recent and very relevant to our lives. For example, Aldous Huxley wrote his Brave
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The reader quickly picks up on the New World's quagmire of erroneous dehumanization.4 The society living in Huxley's New World has no mothers or fathers, rather everyone is conceived in test tubes and raised by the government. Although this may be excessive, the notion of the government taking control of the basic beginnings of life is not out of the picture. The controlled birth of humans results in a uniform race, but the class distinctions remain. Due to the lack of reproduction among humans, people begin having sex purely for pleasure ending in the absence of spirituality and family.5 Both are essential for strong faith and justified reason. The population uses (or better yet abuses) the drug soma, which more or less makes it full of zombies. Furthermore, they idolize Henry Ford in a world satiated by materialistic values. The terrible thoughts of the amoral lifestyle seem to waft over into a desire not to live in a utopian world. Anyone who is not part of this Brave New World is ironically called a savage.6

Brave New World Some in this book are running
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