Vaccinations : Should They Be Mandatory?

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Vaccinations: Should They Be Mandatory?

Prakshal Jain

12/09/2014

Biology Honors

` Vaccinations – Should They Be Mandatory?
A vaccine is a “suspension of weakened, killed, or fragmented microorganisms or toxins or of antibodies or lymphocytes” that is administered predominantly to thwart virus replication of a particular disease (Vaccine). It acts as a stimulant for the immune system of a human body which assists in developing adaptive immunity to a specific pathogen. Shockingly, vaccines themselves are created using components found in the virus or the bacteria itself (Offit). As of present, no federal vaccination laws exist in the United States of America although all states require children to be vaccinated against certain diseases before entering public schools. Exemptions are made based on religious and philosophical beliefs. Currently, most vaccines are administered by either intramuscular or subcutaneous injections, but sometimes, intradermal (in the skin), intranasal (through nasal structures) or oral (through the mouth) routes are used by doctors for administrational purposes (Winchell). The virus’ reproduction speed drops significantly once the antigen is successfully given to the infected person. In the 20th century alone, the chances of getting life-threatening diseases has significantly reduced, or in some cases, has even been totally eliminated simply due to proper immunization of the public. Despite all the “positively startling” statistics,
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