Vaccine and Vaccinations Nicole Tuttle

1721 Words7 Pages
Nicole Tuttle

I. Introduction A. Where to find information on vaccines. B. Thesis Statement.
II. Vaccines
A. What is a vaccine?
B. Why do we have vaccines?
III. History
A. First attempts to vaccinate.
B. Diseases eradicated by the creation of vaccinations.
IIII. Vaccinations and their purpose
A. Vaccinations for children.
B. Diseases vaccinations protect against.
C. Vaccines recommended for adults.
V. Benefits of vaccinations
A. The benefits of vaccinations.
VI. Disadvantages of vaccinations
A. Possible side effects of vaccinations.
VII. Conclusion A. Where to find helpful information on vaccines.
B. Thesis statement
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Vaccinations can be administered shortly after birth and are recommended into adulthood. The first dose of the Hepatitis B (Hep B) vaccine is typically given shortly after birth but may be given at one or two months of age. Hepatitis is a disease effecting the liver and can be life threatening. By two months of age physicians recommend the second dose of Hep B along with the first dose of the rotavirus, diphtheria, tetanus toxoids and pertussis (TDaP), hemophilus influenza type B (Hib), pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and the inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV).
Rotavirus causes inflammation of the stomach and intestines; it effects infants and young children often causing severe watery diarrhea, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, and dehydration. Tetanus toxoids (lock Jaw), pertussis (whooping cough), and diphtheria which is described as a thick covering in the back of the throat, are all included in the TDaP vaccine. Diphtheria may lead to breathing difficulties, paralysis, heart failure, and even death. The hemophilus influenza type B vaccine which prevents meningitis (an infection of the covering of the brain and spinal cord), pneumonia, and epiglottitis (a severe throat infection). Pneumococcal vaccine protects against streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria which can cause severe ear infections and meningitis.

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