preview

Vaccines: A Case Study

Decent Essays
Vaccinations are important in the prevention of many diseases. Without vaccines there would a lot more outbreaks of preventable diseases. There are many cells that are activated when an infection is present, but the three main ones are macrophages, T lymphocytes, and B lymphocytes/antibodies. Vaccines work by injecting a weak form of the infection into the body to intimated an infection. Once the body fights off the infection, it is left with b lymphocytes that produce the antibodies to protect against the infection, and the T lymphocytes which remember the infection. The earliest vaccine is the smallpox vaccine in the eighteenth century. The next major vaccine was the polio vaccine, which cause many cases of paralytic polio after its first…show more content…
Vaccines interact with three main cell types after an infection: macrophages, T lymphocytes, and B lymphocytes/antibodies (Understanding How Vaccines Work, 2013). The macrophages are the white blood cells that attack and consume the pathogen (Understanding How Vaccines Work, 2013). They leave behind parts of the pathogen, which are known as antigens (Understanding How Vaccines Work, 2013). The when the body comes in contact with the antigen, it recognizes that it is foreign body and that it is dangerous, it signals a response to attack it (Understanding How Vaccines Work, 2013). The antibodies are the cell that attack the antigen left by the macrophages (Understanding How Vaccines Work, 2013). The antibodies are produced by B lymphocytes, and the B lymphocytes are a type of defensive white blood cell (Understanding How Vaccines Work, 2013). The T lymphocytes are another type of defensive white blood cell (Understanding How Vaccines Work, 2013). They attack cells that have already been infected with a pathogen (Understanding How Vaccines Work, 2013). Without these three main cell types, a person would have no chance to fight off an…show more content…
There are many parents who oppose vaccines based on their own personal beliefs, and the best way to deal with this type of issue is to improve the rates among the children whose parents accept vaccines (Diekema, 2012). There are many ways to increase the vaccination rates. One way is to remove the socioeconomic barriers and disincentives to vaccines (Diekema, 2012). Even a small fee for the vaccine could be a lot to a struggling family (Diekema, 2012). Referring those families to a public health clinic may help increase the rates, however, that requires extra time, energy, and travel (Diekema, 2012). This would cause them not to follow through and not get their children vaccinated (Diekema, 2012). The government could offer people incentives to get their children vaccinated (Diekema, 2012). These incentives could be tax benefits, money, or a reduction in their insurance cost (Diekema, 2012). Another way to increase the rate of vaccinations is to increase education about vaccines. The misinformation about vaccines is spread widely by people who think they know more than the doctors (Diekema, 2012). The doctors and health care professionals should respond quickly to the dishonest misconceptions about vaccines (Diekema, 2012). Another way is to tighten school policies on exemptions to vaccinations. Even though most children are protected against a lot of diseases, it is the pocket of children who not vaccinated
Get Access