Values, Attitudes, and Job Satisfaction

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CHAPTER 3 VALUES, ATTITUDES, AND JOB SATISFACTION "Regardless of which studies you choose to look at, when American workers are asked if they are satisfied with their jobs, the results tend to be very similar: Between 70 and 80 percent report they're satisfied with their jobs" (p. 61). 1 "How does one explain these findings? … Because people are likely to seek jobs that provide a good person-job fit, reports of high satisfaction shouldn't be totally surprising. Second, based on our knowledge of cognitive dissonance theory (discussed in this chapter), we might expect employees to resolve inconsistencies between dissatisfaction with their jobs and their staying with those jobs by not reporting the dissatisfaction. So these positive…show more content…
6 Contemporary Work Cohorts "Workers who … entered the workforce from the early 1940s through the early 1960s believing in the Protestant work ethic. Once hired, they tended to be loyal to their employer" (p. 64). "Employees who entered the workforce during the 1960s through the mid-1970s were influenced heavily by John F. Kennedy, the civil rights movement, the Beatles, the Vietnam war, and baby boom competition. They brought with them a large measure of the 'hippie ethic' and existential philosophy. They are more concerned with the quality of their lives than with the amount of money and possessions they can accumulate. Their desire for autonomy has directed their loyalty toward themselves rather than toward the organization that employs them" (p. 65). 7 "Individuals who entered the workforce from the mid-1970s though the late 1980s reflect the society's return to more traditional values, but with far greater emphasis on achievement and material success. As a generation, they were strongly influenced by Reagan conservatism…, these workers are pragmatists who believe that ends can justify means. They see the organizations that employ them merely as vehicles for their careers" (p. 65). "Our final category encompasses what has become known as generation X. Their lives have been shaped by globalization, the fall of communism, MTV, AIDS, and computers. They value flexibility, a balanced lifestyle, and the achievement of job satisfaction. Family and
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