Question: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island peoples have since colonization been politically active. Discuss drawing from readings and research about various forms of political engagement.
The movement of people around the world has a long history, with many migrations having been forced. With the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade spanning over 400 years, dating back to the 1400s, the forced transportation of Africans to Europe and the Americas gave rise to cheap labour and justifiable racism. Also utilised as cheap labour, British convicts were transported against their will to a foreign settlement in the eighteenth century, however, the way that both groups were treated greatly differed.
In 1964 there was a protest outside the US consulate in Canberra that two thousand people had attended to protest about racial segregation and civil rights in the United States. Many people of the general public stated things such as if protesters are going to so much trouble why not protest about racial segregation within our own country. These comments had lead to the making of our own Australian Freedom Riders which were based on the American Freedom Riders who were making a difference with civil rights and discrimination in America. They travelled across America to raise awareness of the issues when it came to the African-American’s rights and they helped achieve equality. The Australian Freedom Riders helped in achieving freedom for
In 1790 the second fleet of ships sailed to Australia, this fleet aimed to relocated convicts new land. These ships were controlled by private contractors who normally work for slave trade. The captains of this ship did not care for the unhealthy conditions convicts endured and were getting paid regardless of whether or not convicts
The Gold Rush made Australia largely colonised and continually expanding. In 1852, 370,000 immigrants arrived in Australia from many different countries. The economy boomed and many different cultures were introduced. Countries like England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, America, China and Germany showed up as the majority of diggers on the Australian census. The population continued to grow
As time progressed, colonists began to identify as Australian rather that British. During the time of federation over 80% of the population were Australian born. There were people
In 1967, after ten years of campaigning, a referendum was held to change the Australian Constitution. Two negative references to Aboriginal Australians were removed, giving the Commonwealth the power to legislate for them as a group. This change was seen by many as a recognition of Aboriginal people as full Australian citizens.
The Vietnam War beginning on November 1st 1955 and ending April 30th 1975 was a highly controversial war that originally took place as a civil war between Northern and Southern Vietnam. Northern Vietnam was backed by Russia and China while Southern Vietnam was backed by the USA. This war made a hugely divisive impact on Australian society a few months after they entered in July 1962 as allies to the USA and Southern Vietnam. Some factors of the Vietnam War contributed to cohesion among the Australian public such as the fear of communism and the subsequent “domino effect. However many factors of this war such as the media coverage, conscription being brought back under the Menzies government, anti-war protests and post-war immigration, were all important aspects of this war and made it much more divisive than cohesive, especially in the later stages.
In 1945, after World War II had finished, Australia finally felt at peace – that was until Communism began to have an effect on the entire world. Australia had a lot to fear, with the threat likely to infiltrate the country both domestically (an established Communist Party) and internationally (a geographical location close to countries that had already fallen victim to communism, such as China and Korea). Australia responded to both of these threats in a way that caused a lot of political controversy and has created bonds with other parts of the world that are still activated today.
Australia’s response to the threat of communism after WW2 was extraordinary. Australia and its politicians immediately recognised what could happen of a result of the domino theory. With the Soviet Union influencing so many countries and causing China, Vietnam, and North Korea to turn Communist it was only matter of time until it reached Australia, and all in all this was when Australia took action.
They caused higher crime rates and more disease. So, the political figures had to send them elsewhere. With the convenient option of the uncharted New World available, many of the homeless, especially in England, flocked at the chance to leave. Most of the colonies were populated by the poor, like Jamestown and Roanoke. One colony, Georgia, was a penal colony where England sent their criminals when their prisons became overcrowded. This was a less preferable option to traveling to India where prosperity was a promise. Most, if not all, of the poverty stricken travelers could not fund their trip so they pledged indentured servitude to the wealthy. With the relatively low cost of maintaining a colony for the home country and the added benefit of the homeless problem being relieved, most European countries were highly motivated to
The building of the roads, buildings and towns by the first convicts allowed the establishment of the colonies to occur. These establishments allowed people to initially thrive in smaller numbers than to Britain’s towns. The exploration going inland, for example over the Blue Mountains, allowed for further inland settlement. This also allowed for technological developments like the telegraph line and roads to go connect the towns of the colonies. This also allowed for intercolonial trade and travel. The motives and actions of the Australian people influenced the course of Federation and the impact it made on
Australia is a diverse and multicultural that allows anyone who needs safety and shelter to come to Australia and feel safe and free. Australia wasn’t always like this there was a time where immigrants could not come into the “Safe Haven”. To get away from poverty, war and diseases.
Colonialism in Australia places a detrimental threat to the health of Indigenous Australians. Inherent in colonialism were scientific racisms, institutional racism and structural violence. These factors continues to persist in the fabric of Australian society today and limits the life chances of Indigenous Australians. This essay illuminates colonialism as a major contributor to the social marginalisation and low socioeconomic status experienced by indigenous Australian. An analysis of Aboriginal infant mortality rate, a health indicator highlights the difference between biomedical and sociological approach and the embedded negative impact of social marginalisation and low socioeconomic status on the health of Indigenous Australians. The