Variety Vitality Essay

2061 Words 9 Pages
Nutrition plays an important role in the human body. Not only does it keep us looking good and healthy, it also helps prevent many forms of cancer and disease. Vitamin A and provitamin A carotenoid, for instance, are nutrients that help prevent disease and cancer. These vitamins also help prevent bacteria and viruses by maintaining the integrity of the skin and mucous membranes. Vitamin D, folate, folic acid, and vitamin B6 also help prevent disease or cancer. The best way to prevent different forms of cancer is to eat a well balanced diet. Rachel Zinaman, a clinical research dietician at the Evelyn H. Lauder Breast Cancer Center in New York says, “Consume a well balanced diet which is low in fat and high in fiber. You want to use all the …show more content…
Therefore, to decrease the risk of vitamin A deficiency, eat more foods like liver, eggs, fortified milk, fortified cereals, and many orange fruits and green vegetables. These are food sources of vitamin A and provitamin A carotenoids. Most fat-free milk and dried nonfat milk solids sold in the U.S. are fortified with vitamin A.
Another example of nutrient that help prevents disease or cancer is vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, also known as calciferol, which helps form and maintain strong bones by aiding in the absorption of calcium. This vitamin can exist in several different forms with its different functions. One of its major biological functions is to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. Promoting bone mineralization when combined with other vitamin, mineral, and hormone is also a function of vitamin D. When the body lacks vitamin D, bone can become thin and brittle. This disease is called osteoporosis, which results in increased risk of bone fractures. Deficiency of vitamin D in children may result in skeletal deformities, rickets. As for adults, osteomalacia and muscular weakness occurs when their body is deficient in vitamin D.
According to the National Institutes of Health, there is an estimation of over 25 million adults in