Venezuela 's Contemporary Policy Model

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Venezuela’s contemporary policy model is known for being deeply rooted in populist forms of governance since it supports the division between the people and the elite. This has been more prominent amongst Latin American rulers, since the role of a charismatic leader drives the relation between the government and its people. Regimes like these have specific policy mixes that fit into the spectrum of pro-poor and anti-imperialistic ideals. Chávez’s regime was a perfect fit for the definition and the history behind a populist paradigm. This essay focuses on the political and economic policies endured by the New Bolivarian Constitution by analyzing the general role of a populist regime, its autocratic power and the policy risks that come along with them. Venezuela’s populist regime was ‘popular’ amongst adherent regions in the area, since it claimed to be the leader behind a global movement against imperialism. With the support of Bolivia and Ecuador’s similar oppressed regimes, Venezuela’s main target is the ‘imperialistic’ ideals of the United States. Hence, the draft of the new constitution includes notions of nationalism, democracy, redistribution of oil wealth and regional integration, not to mention that some of the policies completely differ from the U.S.’ beliefs. However, in regards to democracy, Chavez and Maduro claim that advancing democracy depends on replacing the unresponsive institutions of liberal democracy with new forms of direct, participatory democracy.
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