As a nurse in a skilled nursing facility, oral hygiene care is very important, but the importance significantly increases when our patients are functionally dependent or cognitively impaired. These patients are unable to perform this task and depend on nurses to provide daily care. Nurses need to pay close attention for potential problems. They will need to perform assessments, develop oral care plans, and identify preventions and strategies to eliminate any potential problems. Poor oral health has been linked to serious systemic illnesses including diabetes mellitus, stroke, hypertension, myocardial infarction and aspiration pneumonia (Dyck et al., 2012). Patients who suffer from a lack of oral care can have a dramatic impact to their
Critical Analysis Grand Canyon University NRS-433v 7/30/15 Critical Analysis Problem Statement In “Bundles to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: How valuable are they?,” Charity Wip and Lena Napolitano present the results of a qualitative study to determine the value of different care bundles in preventing the occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). In fact, the authors concede that VAP is often resultant of the ventilator care plan, and that the ventilator bundle would be critical in reducing the occurrence of VAPs among the intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Of important is the fact that a range of care bundles are present, each differing in its specific care process that focuses on VAP prevention and
Running Head: PNEUMONIA: THE SILENT KILLER Exploring Pneumonia: A Silent Killer Abstract This paper explores Pneumonia and the respiratory disease process associated with bacterial and viral pathogens most commonly located in the lung. The paper examines the process, symptoms and treatments most commonly viewed in patient cases of Pneumonia. My goal is to educate the reader and to warn of the
Running head: A QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF CLINICIANS' PERCEPTION OF A Qualitative Analysis of Clinicians' Perception of Head-of-Bed Elevation Jolly Abraham Grand Canyon University NRS-433V January 09, 2011 A Qualitative Analysis of Clinicians' Perception of Head-of-Bed Elevation Ventilator - associated pneumonia (VAP) is the second most common hospital acquired infection (HAI) and is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates for ventilated patients in intensive care units (Bingham, Ashley, Jong, & Swift, 2010). The VAP increases patients’ mortality rates, length of stay and hospital costs (Hiner, Kasuya, Cottingham, & Whitney, 2010). The VAP is the leading causes of death due to nosocomial infections and the
38. American Journal of Respiratory care and critical care Medicine, Volume 175, issue 7, pages 698 – 704
Impact of Oral Care on Mechanically Ventilated Patients Tiffany Saunders Tennessee Wesleyan University Critically ill patients that require mechanical ventilation are at risk of developing secondary infections that may increase length of stay and possibly even morbidity. This fragile patient population requires special attention and meticulous adherence to established nursing standards of care. These standards of care are founded on evidenced based practices. It is important that nurses receive education about why these standards are in place and what consequences can result due to not following the established care protocols.
The VAP Prevention Protocol is intended primarily for the following healthcare professionals: • Respiratory Therapist • Nurses • Physicians • Physician Assistants • Anesthesia Technologist STATEMENT OF PURPOSE • To eliminate ventilator associated pneumonia in adult patients in an intensive care unit. • To encourage physicians, ICU nurses, and respiratory therapist to use the ventilator associated pneumonia bundle in all ventilated patients in an intensive care unit.
The purpose of this document is a critical study and analysis of the oral care provided by nursing staff as part of the Ventilator Care Bundle (VCB) and to assess whether the frequency of mouth care performed is related to the prevention of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) in patients mechanically ventilated (Zilberberg et al. 2009).
Even though the consequence of saline instillation on a ventilator patient in the acute care setting is pneumonia or the patient may become hemodynamically unstable, this practice remain contentious, the practice of this procedure will also decrease the oxygenation. (Ayhan, et al., 2015),
Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: A Quantitative Research Study Vanesia Davis Kelly Grand Canyon University Intro to Nursing Research-NRS/433V April 15, 2012 Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a bacterial infection that occurs in the lower respiratory system within the first 48 hours of endotrachal intubation (Lewis, Dirksen, Heitkemper, Bucher, & Camera, 2011). Although any hospital patient is susceptible
Prevention of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia Abstract Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is a hospital acquired infection occurs in the intensive care unit (ICU) for the patients who are on mechanical ventilator. It further complicates the hospital course by extending the length of stay, increase the cost of treatment, and increases the mortality rate. It is estimated that about 1% to 3% patients on mechanical ventilator develops VAP per day. Compared to the previous years, the Chlorhexidine mouth care and other ventilator bundle strategies decreased the VAP rate. Evidence based research studies proved that almost 89.7% reduction in VAP occurs after the implementation of ventilator bundle and other care related to it (Hutchins et al,
From investigation in health practices, ventilator associated pneumonia caught my attention. “Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units. Most episodes of VAP are thought to develop from the aspiration of oropharyngeal secretions containing potentially pathogenic organisms. Aspiration of gastric secretions may also contribute, though likely a lesser degree. Tracheal intubation interrupts the body’s anatomic and physiologic defenses against aspiration, making mechanical ventilation a major risk for Ventilator Associated Pneumonia. Semi-recumbent positioning of mechanically ventilated patients may help reduce the incidence of gastroesophageal reflux and lead to a decreased incidence of VAP. The one randomized trial to date of semi- recumbent positioning shows it to be an effective method of reducing VAP. Immobility in critically ill patients leads to atelectasis and decreased clearance of bronchopulmonary secretions. The accumulation of contaminated oropharyngeal secretions above the endotracheal tube cuff may contribute to the risk of aspiration. Removing these
Hospital Acquired Pneumonia October 7, 2010 Hospital Acquired Pneumonia Hospital acquired pneumonia is currently the second most common nosocomial infection in the United States and is associated with high mortality and morbidity (Seymann, 2008). This paper is a case study of a 52 year old female who was in the hospital for a scheduled gastric bypass surgery. During a post-op test she aspirated dye thus beginning the process of her developing nosocomial pneumonia. The patient was discharged only to return to the emergency department the following day presenting with signs and symptoms of pneumonia. This paper will discuss her diagnosis, treatment, risk factors, nursing care, socioeconomic influences, and diagnostic
In clinical experience, it is seen that many patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) are on mechanical ventilation. These patients range from having head trauma, heart surgery and respiratory problems yet there is no clear, concise systematic standard oral care procedures noted on the different floors in the hospital. Oral care is a basic nursing care activity that can provide relief, comfort and prevention of microbial growth yet is given low priority when compared to other critical practices in critically ill patients. The Center for Disease Control reveals that Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is the second most common nosocomial infection that affects approximately 27% of critically ill patients (Koeman, Van der Ven & Hak,
“Teaching patients about promoting, maintaining, and restoring their health is a required nursing skill that most often results in a positive outcome, enhancing the patient 's quality of life” (Lewis et al., 2014, p.52). The intent of this analysis is to educate patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on means that can enhance their quality of life and avert the progression of their disease. More specifically, it will focus on the aspect of teaching Mrs. N, a patient, how to effectively handle certain symptoms experienced with techniques like pursed-lip breathing and also, to upsurge the client’s awareness on preventative measures to abate the possibility of acute exacerbations. Mrs. N is a 100-years-old woman of Canadian and Arabic background. In mid-September, she was rushed to the hospital after experiencing worsening dyspnea and a fever. The doctors deduced a diagnosis of pneumonia and therefore, she was transferred to the medical unit at the Lakeshore hospital in order to be treated with intravenous antibiotics. Mrs. N has a past medical history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypertension, anemia, deep vein thrombosis and mixed dementia. Mrs. N is a retired widow with two daughters, who come and visit her on a daily basis at the hospital and encourage her to mobilize and eat because she has an extremely poor appetite on most days. She’s well cared for by a team of care workers in the nursing home where she lives and her daughters and