Ventricular Septal Defect Research Paper

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A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a heart defect present at birth in which the heart has a hole in the wall (septum) between the two lower chambers (the ventricles). The septum develops parts of muscles and other parts of the membrane. If the septal wall did not develop properly, the child may be born with an atrial defect or ventricular septal defect. This means that there is a gap in the septum. This is sometimes called a hole in the heart. . There may be one or more hole. The size and location of the hole can also vary.
The causes of ventricular septal defect, similar to other congenital heart diseases are multifactorial in origin, and they operate during the period of cardiac morphogenesis; they may only engage the heart, or even other organs and apparatus. The causal
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If it does not and the child reaches two years of age, it will be very unlikely that the holes in the heart closing off alone. Most of the small holes do not require any treatment. Drugs can be used to help with the symptoms that can occur if the hole is bigger. These may include medication to relieve pressure on the heart and lungs and also to help the heart pump blood properly. The surgery can be used to close the hole. There are two types of surgery available: Technical Intra-cardiac and trans-catheter technique.
The surgical technique that is chosen is dictated by the nature of the side effects associated with the patient's heart and lungs.
The intra-cardiac technique is the most common and is carried out while the patient is under cardiopulmonary bypass and is an open-heart surgery. This is the procedure of choice for the majority of children and performed by most pediatric surgery centers. The trans-catheter approach is normally more complex and should only be considered in selected patients at pediatric centers that have expertise in this procedure.
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