Vertical Dyad / Lmx Theory

2197 WordsMay 23, 20169 Pages
Vertical Dyad/LMX Theory Definition The vertical dyad is defined by Fred Dansereau Jr., George Graen, and William Haga (1975) as, “the relationship between a superior and a member contained in a dyad (p.47). Previous research on relations between leaders and team members were equal; that leaders treated all of their subordinates the same and that all subordinates had similar motivations. This assumes that each individual performance fell on the same spectrum and could be increased through a single motivation. Dansereau et al. (1975) studied the relationship between leader and team member and found that leaders engaged in two types of styles depending on the group (In-Group or Out-Group) of team members they were working with. The first style is labeled leadership; defined as influence without authority. The second style is supervision; defined as influence based upon only authority (Dansereau et al., 1975). A leadership relationship is one where the leader invites subordinates to help with organizational issues and depends on their individuality. In supervision relationships, the leader treats the team members in a mechanical way, (Dansereau et al., 1975). Leadership style was used with the In-Group who reported positive relations with the leader whereas the supervision style was implemented with the Out-Group who reported wanting more positive relations with the leader. Dansereau et al. (1975) noted that leaders create these relationships because they cannot treat
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