Victims Of The Criminal Justice System

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The criminal justice system depends on victims. They depend on them to report crimes and to assist in holding the offenders accountable. In the past victims and their families had no formal rights and were treated unfairly. Today victims and their families have basic rights and protections. All victims have the right to attend criminal proceedings, right to compensation, right to be heard, right to be informed, right to privacy, right to protection, and right to restitution. Court proceedings can be very emotional and stressful for victims and their families especially if the criminal is handed a minimal or unfair sentence.
In the eyes of the victims and victims’ families, punishment is retributive justice. For most of the victims and their
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Their collective effect should be to promote, and not to undermine, society’s aspirations for a fair distribution of rights, resources, and opportunities” (National Research Council, 2014, p. 323). The social effects of crime vary among society and majority of society lives by a moral code. According to National Center for Policy Analysis website (1998), “Public opinion strongly supports punishment, but still holds out some hope for rehabilitation” (Reynolds, 1998, “Public Opinion”). Crime occurs in every part of every society and has short-term and long-term costs. Building or adding on to old prisons adds costs, sentencing criminals with more or less time for certain crimes impacts society. Crimes affect economic productivity, loss of tourism, and retail sales. Punishment of crimes also plays a role in society. The lack of punishment for crimes in society’s eyes can cause different parts of society to…show more content…
Incarcerating a criminal cost on average $31,977.65 yearly, which comes to a great cost to taxpayers and varies from state to state (“Bureau of Prisons, Justice”, 2016). In Texas and California, the costs of renovating or building new prisons are not included in corrections budget. The massive costs mean there is less money available for education. The social costs are significant, as those who are incarcerated at a young age lose out on an education and labor skills. Prisons, correctional facilities, and juvenile detention centers are also spending more on health care. While many argue the high costs of prisons, the benefits of prisons are safer streets. On the other side of the argument are those that suggest rehabilitation or community supervision cuts state prison costs. They suggest reducing the state incarceration rates, without harming society, is by reclassifying lower class felonies, eliminating prison terms for parole/probation violations when no new crime has been committed. These suggestions would also assist in the overcrowding problem. Rehabilitation programs include parole, treatment, and in-prison rehabilitation programs, which reduces recidivism and offers significant
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