Victor Vroom's Expectancy Theory Of Motivation

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4. Motivation “Motivation is the force that energizes behaviour and which is goal-directed.” (Armstrong, 2003). 4.1 Expectancy theory The expectancy theory of motivation clarifies the behavioural handle of why people select one behavioural alternative over the other. This explanation specifies that there is a definite relationship between efforts and performance, the outcome of a high execution will result in a desirable reward, a reward from an achievement will satisfy a significant need, and/or the result fulfils that they require sufficient to make the exertion beneficial. Figure 3.1. Victor Vroom’s Expectancy Theory (Internet Source: http://www.web-ooks.com/eLibrary/NC/B0/B66/057MB66.html) In “Victor Vroom’s Expectancy Theory”, Vroom describes that individual will be motivated to apply a high level of effort to get a compensate under three conditions: 1. Effort–performance relationship: The employee understands that his or her efforts will result in adequate performance. 2. Performance-reward…show more content…
He used the term “hygiene” to describe the factors that cause dissatisfaction in the workplace, are extrinsic (or independent of the work itself), and are linked to things such as compensation, job security, organizational politics, working conditions, Fringe benefits, Interpersonal relations, quality of leadership, and relationships between supervisors, subordinates, and peers. Moreover, he stated that hygiene factors can prevent dissatisfaction but cannot create a well-motivated workforce. However, when they are missing in the workplace, hygiene factors can lead serious dissatisfaction to employees. Unhappy workplace, workplace with the fear of losing your job, dealt constantly with gossip, lacked effective leadership reduce extremely productivity even though the hygiene factors cannot be regarded as motivators according to

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