The usage of a combination of visual and verbal techniques is crucial for us viewers to be able to understand a point the director is trying to get across.
Editing is a true art form. The editor strives to impart visual variety to the picture by skillful shot selection, arrangement and timing. He recreates rather than reproduces the photographic event to achieve a cumulative effort often greater than all the actions in individual scenes put together. A motion picture is a custom-made jigsaw puzzle in which filmmakers fashion the individual pieces. Each piece requires special attention so that it will merge harmoniously with pieces surrounding it. Many editors prefer to make their cuts on movements so that the actual switch from one shot to another is masked by the action. The editing in Steel Magnolias uses wipes and fades to transition from one scene to the other. The editor uses
However, In Ken Dancyger: The Technique of Film Video Editing History Theory and Practice states that the first invention of film was back in 1895 were editing was not even something they hoped to achieve. Edwin S Porter sued dynamics to show continuity in his film which consisting of 20 shots. He discovered that shots are the building block of the film, which is true, the whole film is made of shots that are compiled together, edited to make it seem like a one scene. The things we see today for editing to be specific we not taken into consideration, screen direction and continuity of the story. The cameras we placed fixed to one position and the act is far away from the screen.
The efficacious nature of films owes its prominent properties to the array of editing techniques. In the aforementioned films , editing techniques stabilizes the movie and
Editing is all about bringing a creative force into a film. The process could mean fixing a number of things like moving things around, meaning to arrange, select, and assemble - this goes for every component in the film. What you visualize, hear, with the use of special effects all are components that are edited and added to the film in a unique way to create a good story. The movie to be analysis is the film Forrest Gump with editor, Arthur Schmidt, he won an Oscar at the 67th academy awards for best film editing. Arthur Schmidt had three responsibilities as an editor in the film, which are spatial relationship, temporal relationship, and rhythm.
The cinematographic camera industry emerged in fact more than 100 years ago, it was only until recently that significant digital changes took place, apart from minimal technological improvements. Before the invention of digital cameras the main medium for shooting a movie was on celluloid film in which the quality of the image was very high from the beginning. However these cameras had some inconveniences. The cinematographer would have to set the lighting and frame to the directors vision and make sure that it was right. He could not see immediately if the scene was shot as desired and this caused the workflow to be very complex and time consuming which most producers would see limited. The developing, processing, transferring, editing and conforming the film normally took a day and the director along with the cinematographer would sit
Converging lines lead the audience’s eyes to the focal point and is a method of the filmmakers to control where the audience must look. A negative space draws attention to him and makes him stand out. The use of the background and surrounding area allows the filmmakers to use these
One often does not think about the impact of editing on a movie, but in reality the most acclaimed movies use editing masterfully. The now “cult classic” Star Wars series is a perfect example of how editing can be used effectively. Within Star Wars: Episode IV, The Empire Strikes Back, editing is used to not just tell a story. It is also used to grab the attention of the audience. The audience is drawn into another world. They are also drawn in to feel the emotions of the characters as well as consider their course of action if they were put in the same positions of the characters. Editing is an art form in and of itself, especially when one recognizes its impact on storytelling and the audience.
Sound and editing are both very crucial concepts in film. In Tom Tykwer's Run Lola Run (1998), the way the narrative structure is set up can make the differentiation of diegetic and non-diegetic sound difficult for the viewer. The relationship between sound and the narrative structure, however, also makes the viewer more aware of the film's artificiality. In King Hu's Come Drink With Me (1966), we see how the major motifs of editing emphasize the unrealistic and fantasy qualities of the characters.
In this essay I will be discussing five key points throughout Post Production history between the 1900s-1960s. Post Production is seen as a vital component in the cinematic industry as it essentially finalises the final products. Techniques that have been developed over the years are incredibly important, but they all have an origin. Although these techniques started out without overwhelming effect, they are now unbelievably crucial to how films are constructed. The five points I wish to discuss go as follows: The Great Train Robbery and Edwin Porter himself, D.W. Griffith and his overwhelming influence on editing, The Jazz Singer, the Kuleshov Effect and finally, 2001: A Space Odyssey. As well as discussing these key factors, this essay will take into consideration secondary material.
Editing is an important stylistic element because it affects the overall rhythm or pace of the film. The most obvious element of editorial style is the length of the average shot in the film. Generally the longer the time between cuts, the slower the pace of the film (Ch. 11 Pg. 318). Editing is part of the post production process which includes titling, color correction, sound mixing, etc. This process of editing includes rearranging, adding or removing video or audio clips, or transitions between clips. The editing in a movie gives the power to choose what the viewer sees and how the viewer sees it at any given moment (Ch. 1 Pg. 5). You can do this through camera angles, the grain of the shot, and once again, transitions.
By using this type of editing to include slow motion, the editing expanded chronological time. By expanding chronological time the events of the scene are dragged out so the viewer can see every element and detail of the scene. The way the film maker edited this film allowed the film to display battle scenes and excellent scenery that completed the appearance of the film. Through the use of editing of a film, the filmmaker is able to incorporate special effects, slow motion and expand chronological time in order to give the correct film effect on the audience.
the degree to which the camera changes the situation is mostly due to the nature of the person filming it...' Richard Leacock. Direct cinema was conceived with TV in mind. In the 60s TV had poor picture quality, the black-and-white image being frequently fuzzy with viewers reliant on good quality sound. Image quality such as this fitted in perfectly with direct cinema's stance on camera framing and editing; anything more complex than