Vietnam And The Vietnam War

1987 Words May 5th, 2016 8 Pages
In 1945, at the end of WWII, Vietnam started their war for independence against their colonial rulers, France. Nine years after the start of the First Indochina War, the French were defeated at Dien Bien Phu which led to a peace conference in Geneva. At the conference, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam received their independence from France. However, Vietnam was divided between a Communist North and a Democratic South. In 1958, Communist- supported guerrillas in South Vietnam, known as the Viet Cong, began to fight with the North Vietnamese government. Since this occurred in the middle of the Cold War, the United States came to the aid of South Vietnam by sending military advisers into the country. Still, the South Vietnamese government continued to lose land and some controversial events led to the United States deploying more than 500,000 troops in Vietnam. Even with this much military might, South Vietnam could not stand and surrendered to the Communist North in 1975.
To most Americans, the loss in Vietnam came as a surprise. After all, the United States emerged as the world 's strongest super power with a rapidly growing economy and a seemingly unstoppable military force. The American people were filled with patriotism and united under the greatest government in the world. On the contrary, Vietnam was a small, war- torn swamp that was divided between two different ideologies. Many Americans have never even heard of or even knew where Vietnam was located. Nevertheless, the…

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