One of the most vulnerable groups to post traumatic stress disorder are Marine veterans. This is because they often see the worst aspects of any conflict. The Iraq war, also known as Operation Iraqi Freedom was one of the bloodiest conflicts in recent history. During the course of this conflict 4,411 American Soldiers lost their lives, including 1,023 Marines (Defense Casualty Analysis System, 2017). With such a high loss of life, it is easy to see why helping those who served in Operation Iraqi Freedom is so important.
Cognitive therapy was established in the 1960’s. It is one of the therapeutic approaches included in a group of cognitive behavioral therapies. It was established by Aaron Beck who actually changed the name from cognitive therapy to cognitive behavior therapy not too long ago. The therapy reveals distorted or harmful beliefs by applying techniques to analyze and remodel maladaptive thinking and learning or learning to centralize attention from obsessive thinking, while also integrating numerous techniques to bring about successful behavior change. This paper will provide a review of the theoretical orientation of cognitive therapy along with the personal viewpoint of counseling, change, and cognitive therapy from the author’s perspective. Additionally, an overview of depression is explained and how cognitive therapy can be utilized for treatment for depression.
This term paper is about solution-focused therapy and experiential therapy. In solution-focused therapy, the therapy does not emphasize the problem at all; it stresses and highlights the solution. The client is the expert and not the therapist. The experiential approach is often used to facilitate meaningful changes in individuals. SFBT is a short-term goal focused therapeutic approach which directs clients to focus on developing solutions, rather than on dwelling on problems. The theoretical framework, how change occurs, therapeutic techniques, postmodern perspective, the role of the therapist and some clinical examples are given in this term paper.
Clients come for mental health treatment for a variety of different reasons and there are a variety of different approaches that can be used to assist those clients. Solution-focused therapy (SFT) is one of those approaches. Examined are the treatment approach of SFT, the theory associated, evidence to support the treatment, the effectiveness with youth and culturally diverse clients, and the limitation of the approach.
Solution-focused therapy is different from narrative and collaborative therapy because it focuses more on discovering solutions to problems by asking miracle and scaling questions (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 2013). Solution-focused therapists utilize miracle and scaling questions to help clients change their thoughts and behavior. Miracle questions challenge clients to think about what their lives could be like if all their problems suddenly went away and were solved (Henderson & Thompson, 2016). Scaling questions challenge the client to magnify their view of the current circumstance (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 2013). Solution-focused therapy is also different from narrative and collaborative therapy because the counselor leads the counseling session. Counselors lay out clear expectations for their clients to change, and expect them to actively participate in counseling so change occurs. The third difference between the three approaches is that solution-focused therapy is complaint-based, while narrative and collaborative therapy is not (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 2013). Clients come to counseling with a complaint, and counselors typically work with those who ready and willing to change. Another difference is that solution-focused therapy consists of five steps, which are “co-constructing a problem and goal, identifying and amplifying exceptions, assigning tasks, evaluating effectiveness, and reevaluating problems and goals” (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 2013, p. 382). Collaborative and narrative therapy do not follow these five
One of the most challenging aspects of this school program has been trying to recognize a theoretical orientation that I can identify with. Throughout the course of this class, I have discovered various aspects that have remained consistent within my personal wants and desires for group, which have allowed me to focus my attention on which approaches fit well with my style of therapy. The following will describe the key concepts of the cognitive behavioral approach; a view of the roles of the therapist and group members; key developmental tasks and therapeutic goals, techniques, and methods; and the stages in the evolution of a group. An integration of two additional theoretical orientations will also be included.
As Insoo Kim Berg, MSW and Steve de Shazer, M.S. (Solution Focused, n.d), explained the theoretical underpinnings of Solution-Focused Therapy (SFT) in this week's video, I made note of several similarities and differences between SFT and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). One of the first things Insoo Kim Berg, MSW mentioned was the difference between who was considered the expert: the client or the therapist. SFT views the client as the expert above all else. Steve de Shazer indicated that the client and the therapist often had a difference of opinion as to what a successful solution looked like, and since the client is the customer and the one who has to live with the outcome, it is they who gets to
The therapist’s role is to lead the client to behavioral change and to assist in an effective and efficient way. Solution focused therapist believe that the client is the expert in their own life and are capable to solve their
Solution focused therapy is a model of therapy developed by Steve de Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg in the late 1970's (Dolan, n.d.). This model has become well known for its non-traditional approach to client problems as it does not explore clients issues in relation to their cause and affect but rather the goals and solutions to achieving a future free of any present issues. i will be discussing the evident concepts, principles and intervention techniques of this particular model. it will be explored in the context of a case scenario of a therapy session to observe how the model can be actively applied to therapy sessions and why this is the best model to meet the client's needs. The effectiveness of the model
The solution focused therapist does not act as a problem solver and “avoid[s] any assessment of problems or how they develop” (Grand Canyon, 2012). Instead the therapist listens for times the client did not have the problem or “exceptions” in their past that hold possible solutions for the future (Nichols, 2013, p. 252). Most importantly, during the process of listening, setting goals, identifying solutions and encouraging the client, a solution focused therapist must maintain attitude that is “positive, respectful, and hopeful” (Trepper, et. al.
The subject of this evaluation is a young man named Jeff Randell from the TV show Clarence. He is white, male, 9 years old, and from Arizona. He attends elementary school, has two loving mothers, and two best friends, Clarence and Sumo. His everyday life is comprised of attending school and doing well with his grades. He gets all of his homework done and stays extremely organized while also enjoying many normal child activities such as board games, video games, movies, going outside, using his imagination, and generally having fun. Jeff also enjoys activities that are not so popular among children such as doing taxes, making stop motion films, baking, cleaning, organizing, and sticking to a strict schedule. Overall, he is different from the
It is clear the client is aware of what his presenting problem is and what he believes he should do to help his needs without taking medical prescriptions from his doctor. The client displays his agreement with the commitment to the outpatient program. Though he still questions why he should be taking these prescriptions meds’. The client has a strong support system on the decision he decides to make. This is evident with his father commitment to getting answers why his son was rights were restricted during his manic episode and his family accepting loving and compassionate care. Solution-focused brief therapy, focuses on the client’s strengths than weakness. By switching the focus from the presenting problem to the strength the client displays,
This assignment is a personal reflective account on the use of solution focused brief therapy (SFBT) carried out during a practice placement within a Crisis and Home Treatment Team (CRHT). This assignment aims to discuss the importance of the 10 Essential Shared Capabilities, introduce clear definitions of SFBT, evaluate current research of SFBT, and provide an evaluation of the key principles of SFBT. I will make a brief comparison of SFBT and traditional psychotherapy. I will utilise aspects of Gibb’s Model of Reflection (1988) when discussing my own thoughts and feelings in order to critically analyse and evaluate two key features
Modern day counselling is equipped with a wide variety of therapies, techniques and approaches. The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast two approaches of therapy. Also in this essay the views of the person and the Therapeutic process will be discussed. The two models that are going to be compared are Gerald Egan’s The Skilled Helper model and Steve De-Shazer’s Solution Focused Brief therapy (SFBT).
Understanding that solution-focused therapists operate under the assumption that clients already have the necessary skills to solve their problems, it is our job as therapists to help them regain insight into their problems. Therefore, it is understandable why solution-focused therapy is considered a brief therapeutic approach. If the clients already have the ability to solve their own issues then they just need to be reminded of their strengths and resources, shifting the focus.