Viewing Chamberlain as a Peacemaker

2312 Words Jun 25th, 2018 10 Pages
Viewing Chamberlain as a Peacemaker

After the First World War had ended in 1918, most of Europe was struggling to survive. The Treaty of Versailles was created because of the war, as countries such as France and Italy wanted to get revenge on Germany for the war, but it's harsh terms caused Germany to become vengeful. Neville Chamberlain became the prime minister in 1917, and he felt that the Treaty's terms were much too harsh. He decided that the best option was to follow appeasement to best comply with Germany.

The majority of Europe (especially France and Britain) and America were angry towards Germany for the war, and therefore created the Treaty of Versailles. The main points of the treaty
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Germany was far from fearing the treaty. The below source describes their attitude:

"Vengeance! German nation! Today at the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles a disgraceful treaty is being signed. Never forget it… There will be vengeance for the shame of 1919." - From a German newspaper, 1919.

The above source shows that Germany was obviously disgusted by the Treaty, and was planning to get revenge for it. A future war was a probability, and the below source from the 1919 May issue of the Daily Herald shows:

The child on the source's left hand side is crying because it knows that the treaty will eventually lead to war due to the treaty's points being too harsh. The child is from the 1940 class, and will end up having to fight in the war, which also helps to explain why they are crying. Eventually, the people who had signed the Treaty of Versailles, later on decided that it was in fact too harsh. In 1929, the Young Plan was created. This decided that Germany only owed 2,000 million marks in reparations, to be paid over 59 years. This pleased Germany slightly, but they were still angry and wanted vengeance for the Treaty's other terms.

Another point that saw Chamberlain as a peacemaker was the League of Nations. This was an organisation based on the idea of collective security. The idea was that if a country acted aggressively towards another, all the
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