Views Of Matter Essay

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What exactly is matter, it is not an every day question that one asks one’s own self. When looked at there are many different views on this subject, however because of the numerous numbers of different views, it is only possible to look at three of the discourses. The three discourses of matter to be looked at are; the Religious, Scientific, and Philosophical. Each discourse has evolved through time into the views that we know, and accept today. The distinction between these views on matter differs greatly, however it is possible to say that all three views came from the same place. This place being ancient Greece; it was their belief in gods that brought about religion, philosophy, and then science. The scientific view of matter has…show more content…
Newton thought that it was the force of gravity that acted upon the particles. He also thought that God created the particles and the forces that act upon them. Newton’s theory of a mechanistic universe was extremely popular with the physicists of the early nineteenth century. Newton’s laws were seen as the basic laws of nature, however in less than a century, a new set of theories of physical reality was discovered and the limitations of Newton’s theories were exposed. This new physical reality was no doubt the work of Einstein, but it was not entirely his. There were some other key scientists who’s work contributed to that of Einstein’s. Their names were Michael Faraday and Clerk Maxwell. Faraday was responsible for producing an electric current through a copper wire, and together with Maxwell they both produced a complete theory of electromagnetism. Instead of saying that two charges had an attraction towards each other, they felt it more necessary to say that they disturbed each other. This led to the theory of a force that is called a field. “This was a most profound change in man’s conception of physical reality. In the Newtonian view, the forces were rigidly connected with the bodies they act upon.” (Capra, 1977, p. 48). Maxwell tried to explain his theories in mechanical terms, “interpreting the fields as states of mechanical stress in a very light space-filling medium, called ether, and the electromagnetic waves as elastic waves of this ether.” (Capra,
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