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Vikings Influence On American Culture

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Scotland is located in northern Europe, sharing its only land border with England. It comprises the northern third of Great Britain and the 790 islands surrounding it. Despite its high latitude, Scotland’s climate is actually quite temperate. Distinguished by the Highland Boundary Fault, the topography is split into two distinctive regions; the Highlands and the lowlands. The Highlands, located in the north and west of Scotland, are characterized by a more mountainous terrain that is difficult to cultivate. In contrast, the lowlands, located in the south and east, are flatter, more fertile, and are home to most of Scotland’s population. Out of the country’s 7.71 million hectares of land, 5.6 million are used for agriculture. Of that 5.6 million,…show more content…
Before the Vikings arrived in the 8th and 9th century, Scotland was inhabited by the Picts and Celts tribes. Such tribes were hunter and gatherers. Living close to valleys and seas, their diets consisted mostly of fish, vegetables, and the game around them. Eventually these tribes started raising sheep and cattle in the grasslands for wool and meat, a practice still seen today in modern Scotland. When the Vikings arrived, new breeds of sheep and cattle were introduced to the land. Aberdeen Angus, the most famous of all Scottish cattle, was thought to have descended from…show more content…
Traditional dishes such as haggis, mince and tatties, and arbroath smokies indicate this. Mutton, beef, and fish have been so popular in Scottish cuisine throughout time simply because they are the most readily available ingredients. Dairy products are also widely used. These are provided by the heavy grazing aspect of their agriculture industry, and their proximity to the ocean. Because of this, mutton, beef, and fish are the main sources of protein in Scotland. Also, lipids are most commonly received through the consumption of fish oil or dairy products such as milk. Products such as oats, barley, and root vegetables, mostly potatoes, are also extremely common in the Scottish diet, for the fertile lowlands and temperate climate provide perfect growing conditions for such foods. This means that carbohydrates are mostly provided by potatoes and oat and barley products such as cereal. However, in a health survey conducted in 2014, it was found that only one in five Scottish adults met the daily recommended amounts of fruits and vegetables. This suggests that while Scots are well provided with protein, lipids, and carbs, their diets may be seriously lacking in vital nutrients provided by fruits and vegetables, such as fiber, potassium, and vitamin
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