Violation of Child Rights

1704 Words Nov 2nd, 2012 7 Pages
Violation of Child Rights

Introduction
First of all, if we want to talk about violation of child rights we have to define child rights, what they are, and to whom they are intended.”A child is any human being below the age of eighteen years, unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier." , World leaders in 1989 decided that children needed a special convention, because children often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that people under 18 year old have human rights too.
UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989 and entry into force
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In 2002, WHO estimated that 150 million girls and 73 million boys under 18 years experienced forced sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual violence involving physical contact. Millions more are exploited in prostitution or pornography each year, most of the times lured or forced into these situations through false promises and limited knowledge about the risks. But the problem is that the true magnitude of sexual violence is hidden because of its sensitive and illegal nature. Most children and families do not report cases of abuse and exploitation because of stigma, fear, and lack of trust in the authorities. Social tolerance and lack of awareness also contribute to under-reporting. Evidence shows that sexual violence can have serious short- and long-term physical, psychological and social consequences not only for girls or boys, but also for their families and communities. This includes increased risks for illness, unwanted pregnancy, psychological distress, stigma, discrimination and difficulties at school.
Armed violence
Children are affected by armed violence in different ways. First, and most brutal, they can be killed or injured. In the last decade, an estimated two million children have been killed in armed conflict. A total of perhaps four to five million more have been disabled as a result of their experience in war, and more than 12 million have been made homeless. However the effects are
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