Domestic violence against women is prevalent in almost all the societies in the world. It is an issue which was not even recognised as a crime 40 years ago and is still not recognized as a crime by many societies. Women suffer from violence, including physical, sexual, emotional, and psychological violence by strangers and their partners all over the world (Kaya, 2010). Even though it is a worldwide occurrence, there are some women who face more intense and frequent violence depending on their culture, country, religion,
Moreover, men violence is usually understood as individual isolated act, whereas it cannot be explained outside patriarchal structure (Walby; 1990, p. 129). However, violence toward women has frequently been trivialized until the extend that a women raped by their husband was not consider a rape, or illegal, but officials statistics show that women are more likely to be abused or murder by a relative than a stranger (Newburgh;2013,p.52) Furthermore, the state intervention has created new measures to combat female harassment, however, such social policies and laws remain still weak and ineffective (Walby; 1990, p. 21).Nevertheless, although male violence issue remains as problematic as time ago has changed social response, puss by feminist social movements (Saul,2003,p.50) Examples
For many decades, women have experienced all forms of oppression and constant violence that threatened their existence in the male-dominated society. Various forms of discrimination and oppression have been directed to women for decades. Violence directed at women such as rape and battery were seen and treated as isolated scenarios. However, as the need to foster gender equality took pace, such oppressive actions are now perceived as elements of a wider system of dominance in the society that that needs to be addressed as a whole rather than in singularity
The one-child policy began in in China in 1978 and recently, in 2009, China adopted a two-child policy that encourages families to have two children (BBC News, 2015). The purpose for imposing these ethical restrictions on a population is to sustain a population level so that future generations will not have to suffer from overpopulation levels, environmental damage, and a decrease in living standards (HowMany.org, 2014). The one-child policy helps to ease overpopulation problems since two parents having one child leads to a 50% reduction in that generation. Since China’s introduction of the one-child policy, there have been 400 million births prevented, which means that there is going to be more food sources, fewer housing needs, more jobs, and a better health care environment (BBC News,
Most females are not respected and are heavily pressured by their parents. Many Chinese women are expected to be in arranged marriages and are not respected in their family or the work-place. Woman that aren’t even born yet suffer from infanticide. If the parents came to find that they were having a girl from ultrasound- they would abort that child and try for a boy causing pre-birth ultrasounds to be banned. “Negative social consequences, particularly sex discrimination. With boys being viewed as culturally preferable, the practice of female infanticide was resumed in some areas shortly after the one-child policy took effect.” (Document E) “I hate to say it but the one-child policy should party be blamed for some social issues in youth today.” “She wished she has a brother or sister to share all the attention.” (Document F) This evidence supports the claim that the one-child policy was a bad policy because women have always been culturally no preferable, causing unborn females to be aborted.
The term violence brings to memory an image of physical or emotional assault on a person. In most circumstances, the person affected due to violence is aware that a violent action has been performed on that person. There is another form of violence where the affected individual, in most cases are unaware of the violence inflicted upon them. These types of violence are termed as structural violence. Structural violence is a form of invisible violence setup by a well-defined system, to limit an individual’s development to his full potential, by using legal, political, social or cultural traditions (Winter and Leighton, 1).
As Americans, living in a egotistical and self centered society, we often think that we are the best, the top 1 percent in every aspect. However, When compared to other countries of the world, America is ranked 14th in education, 44th in health care efficiency, and 101th in peace. But it ranks first in incarceration, 2nd in ignorance, and 3rd in global competitiveness. One can see how the rankings that America is top in are those that promote violence in one way or another. In the book Violence and Culture: A Cross-Cultural and Interdisciplinary Approach by Jack David Eller, the author discusses violence in American society in one of his chapters. In this chapter, he mentions some social characteristics that represents and plays a role in
Since 1980, China has made its people the subject of an intrusive and unfair, One Child Policy. This policy was the result of Chinese officials becoming worried of the countries jump in population from 1960 to 1980 causing a widespread lack of resources, so they decided to induct a law that would make force Chinese citizens to be limited to one child. Because of this controversial policy the question has been raised, did the one child policy positively or negatively effect China? The one child policy did negatively effect China and its people, because it resulted in gender discrimination, unjust punishments and was unnecessary due to the already declining fertility rate.
With China being formidable of their nation, not having enough resources to support its vast and rapidly increasing population. Officials implemented an extensive population control program that the Communist Party introduced in 1980 as the One-Child policy. Chinese government law that avoids families from having another child. Those only of the Han Chinese ethnic group that make up 90% of the Chinese population are to be fined, and punished with forced sterilization and abortions. While some see the One-Child policy as making their lives easier and are even rewarded with a “Certificate of Honor.” Correspondingly I see it as assault and clearly violates human rights to the families to not let them enjoy the natural phenomenon of human birth.
Due to the one-child policy there are many serious human rights infractions. Since the policy has been in effect, there have been more than 400 million prevented births ("China:
With more than 1.3 billion people, China has to think about a solution and find ways to deal with its population explosion. In order to have control over population, in 1970, a policy named China’s One Child Policy was introduced. Mingliang argues that, “China, through the one-child policy, has instituted the most aggressive, comprehensive population policy in the world” (1). This policy limits all families in the Republic of China to have only one child, regardless of the sex: however, within this policy there are some exceptions. It is possible to have two children only if the first child is born with a disability, if parents work in a high risk job, if the couple lives in villages, or if the family is a non- Han, otherwise you are
Violence against women has existed for centuries and women experience violence in many setting; however, domestic violence is the most prevalent. Abela and Walker (2014) explain that the women’s right movement took place because women were maltreated and oppressed (78). They state that the victimization of women was the reason why the second wave of the feminist movement arose. They also explain that during this time, laws in the Untied States allow men to hit their wives (Abela & Walker 79). Women from different cultures and different economic status have been victims of domestic violence. In this paper, I will focus on domestic violence against women from different cultures. I will present information about the history of domestic violence
China’s one-child policy made it illegal for most Chinese couples to have more than one child. It was the culmination of the government’s long struggle to control population growth. The policy was enforced mainly through financial incentives and punishments, but in rural areas brutal enforcement techniques like non-consensual sterilization and abortion were sometimes used. While the policy did reduce the population, it also caused problems such as an unbalanced male-female sex ratio and “4:2:1 families.” The one-child policy shows that women in Communist China remained in a position of social and political inferiority.
China’s one-child policy has interesting origins. Although,” China’s fertility rate began to fall in the 1960’s, there was no national policy aiming for a population of smaller families until 1971. In 1979, “Wan Xi Shao”, a program that encouraged later marriage, longer birth intervals between births and fewer children is what evolved to the well-known “one-child policy”.”(Gilbert, 24) Under the one-child policy, couples are given incentives to have a single child. Couples who pledge to have a single child receive monthly allowances for child support until the child reaches the age of fourteen. “Along with the money received monthly, they are promised more spacious housing and higher pensions for retirement”(Gilbert, 24). However, for
In 1979, Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping introduced the one child policy. This was part of the family planning policy to help control China’s growing population. This policy limited a couple, of a man and a woman, to only one child. Fines, pressures to abort a pregnancy, forced sterilization accompanied second or unwanted pregnancies. Although many think the one child policy was a law, it surprisingly was not. It was a policy enforced by the system of punishments. The punishments of disregarding the policy included being fined a great deal of money, demotion, and discharge from work. China’s government was inhumane in enforcing the policy.