Although a topic of my past history classes has been the Crusades, I only come out of them with a vague understanding of the situation. So, I sought out to gain a greater understanding through the vision of the question, "Was the first crusade a success, and if so, what made it a success?" Using The Crusades: A Reader, specifically the writings and documents from pages 33-79, I will make a decision based on specific occurrences and their ultimate goal (CITE SOURCE WITH FULL CITATION).I plan on picking out important aspects of the first crusade and determine whether or not they contributed to the success or failure of it. Also, I will try to uncover the motivations and the organization that led to the execution of the plan to recapture the Holy Land. In short, the first crusade interests me the most because there were crusades afterward, signifying it must have been found successful in some understanding.
During the Crusades, there was a fair amount of religious tension. Muslims and Christians fought for Jerusalem. Muslims had it, and at the end of Crusades, Muslims controlled the territory. During the Spanish Inquisition, Christians sought to rid Spain of other religions (like Jews). This reflects a power struggle because Christians strived to gain absolute power. Important people involved included Richard the Lionhearted (central figure in the third crusade), Pope Urban II (first crusade), and Saladin (second and third crusades). This power struggle continued as a result of the Crusades, and it truly influenced the era because it changed the geopolitical landscape of the Middle East.
The Crusades of the High Middle Ages (a.d. 1050-1300) was a period of conquest or rather, reconquest, of Christian lands taken from Muslims in the early Middle Ages. It is an era romanticized by fervent Christians as the time when Christianity secured its honorable status as the true religion of the world. The affect of the Crusades is still with us today. It sailed from Spain and Portugal to the Americas in the fifthteenth century aboard sailing ships carrying conquistadors who sought new territory and rich resources. They used the shield and sword of Christianity to justify a swift conquest of mass territory and the subjugation of the indigenous peoples; a mentality learned, indeed,
Associating Islam with violence is a false impression that the Western public has long cultivated about this religion. An example of this misconception is that Islam is a religion spread by the sword, meaning that Muslims went from one end of the world to the other, conquering nations and forcing the inhabitants to either convert or die. The truth is that Islam spread through the expansion of the Ottoman empire, not that people were forced to convert or die. A modern day example of the Islam=violence misconception is Saddam Hussein. Although Hussein is of the Islamic faith, not all of his actions necessarily represent Islamic beliefs.
A major turning point in Medieval history were the Crusades. The Crusades were a series of wars fought between the Christian Europeans and the Muslim Turks, which occurred between the years of 1096 to 1272. In this Holy War the Christians goal was to obtain the Holy Land from the Turks, in which they did not succeed. Although the Christians did not meet their goal, many positives did come out of their attempt. Due to the reason that they did not meet their goal, yet numerous positives came out of their effort, many refer to this as a successful failure.
The main objective of the first crusade was overcome by a secondary objective which later became the reason why we call it the First Crusade. The initial objective was to respond to the Byzantine Emperor who requested western volunteers to help fight against invading Turks. In The reconquest of jerusalem and the holy land soon became the main objective of the Crusade. Pope Urban in 1095 called upon his people telling them to go jerusalem and liberate the church of God out of devotion and not for honor and wealth. Calling the crusade increased the popes standings in a papacy which was struggling at the time due to the investiture controversy. During this time, religion was very important and people took it very seriously. Jerusalem was the
The Crusades were a bad place in that time because of all the blood and gore that developed upon the religions. This was the worst event to occur in religion history. These humans that were fighting for their religion never seemed to live a long, healthy life. Citizens fighted for their religion and brought random tools as weapons, like a farmer or a merchant. The Crusades killed a lot of innocent people and did not care, they even killed people surrendering. They stole and did a lot of bad things just because someone wants to bow down and pray doesn't have to start a war. This is the crusaders being a negative effect in general.Document 1 states that they take out their hatred on innocent people of their different religion but they won't hurt or kill the people of their religion. Ex. Christianity will kill Jews and Muslims, but not Christians. This is important because with this info you can obviously tell that they did not care about anyone or anything by them slaughtering, destroying, and terrorizing the cities of Constantinople and many others. Document 4 states that
After the fall of the Roman Empire, Europe entered a period of chaos and disarray known as the Dark Ages. For the duration of the Dark Ages, peasants were desperate for protection while rich landowners were desperate for workers. Thus, a system known as feudalism, in which lords protected peasants in exchange for labor, developed. Under the feudal lifestyle, trade slowed to almost a complete stop due to self sufficiency on manors. Education and almost all greco-roman culture disappeared. When Pope Urban II was urgently called to help the Byzantine Emperor, he stepped up in order to conquer the Holy Land of Jerusalem from Muslims. However, while the crusades ultimately failed and lead to religious intolerance, they ended the Dark Ages
(T) The Crusades negatively affected the world, rather than being a benefit, as intended. (A) The Crusades caused a tension between European inhabitants of the time. (B) The Catholic Church’s image was negatively impacted as a result of the Crusades. (C) Lastly, the primary objective of the Christians was to recapture the homeland; the Christians failed to recapture the land in the end. (T) Because of these three reasons, the world was negatively impacted by the Crusades.
Did you know the crusades were primary caused by political / economic gain? The Crusades were a series of eight Christian military journey fought against Muslims for the Holy Lands between the years of 1096 and 1270 C.E. I personally think that The Crusades were primarily caused by political / economic gain but other people might argue that they were primarily caused by religious devotion because people say that it was because of documents. The crusades were primarily caused by political and economic gain, rather than religious devotion because they have desire for more power and more opportunities for trade.
The crusades had both a positive and negative impact on the Eastern and Western worlds that were involved in the conflicts. The crusades were a series of nine wars between the muslims and christians. In the year 1095 Pope Urban II calls for a crusade to free the Holy Land from “Infidels.” The question on document 1: is “Why does the author of this document call the legacy of the crusades a bitter one?.” It states that they left hatred behind them.
Around the late eleventh through thirteenth centuries there were nine wars that were and are called the Crusades. The Crusades had positive and negative effects on the people that were involved. If you have ever heard about the Crusades? If so what do you think? Did you know that the Christians left religious hatred when, they did not defeat the Crusades.
The Crusades had some religious hatred behind them. They would sometimes turn their fury against Jews. They had an economy that was built up to be better. Some Crusaders attracted people by the adventures, estates, and commercial opportunities. They had a negative impact on the 4th crusade, because they sacked the city and destroyed it.
The Crusades were battles between European Christians and Muslims. Now, the Crusades caused many things, both good and bad. But the question is, were the effects of the Crusades more positive or negative? From what I can tell, most of the results of the Crusades were negative ones. To begin, the Crusades have caused a lot of hate towards these religions.
The Crusades was a very dark time in history. In case you didn’t know, there was a series of nine wars that came to be known as the Crusades. The Crusades were fought mainly for land. The land that was fought for was Jerusalem. Jerusalem is a holy town where Christians, Jews, and Muslims could go to and worship. They all have their own holy shrines at Jerusalem. The Christians have the Western Wall, the Muslims have The Dome of the Rock, and the Jews have the Great Temples of Harad and Solomon. The Crusades destroyed numerous beautiful buildings, and many people were killed or injured in these bloody wars.