Violence in sports refers to the physical acts committed in contact sports such as soccer, hockey,

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Violence in sports refers to the physical acts committed in contact sports such as soccer, hockey, football and basketball. These acts of violence can include intentional attempts or threats to physically harm another player by the athletes and coaches engaged in spectator sports. Sports violence is widespread with its roots being traced back to the times of Ancient Roman gladiator fights and chariot races. In today’s sports culture, there is a high price placed on victory and sports fans have a great interest in human conflict, which has allowed violence to become an accepted part of sports. Overall, the problem of sports violence has become a major issue in society that’s an unacceptable, growing social problem. Violence in sports can…show more content…
According to the social learning theory, people learn new behaviors through modeling and it’s reinforced by rewards and punishment. These theories provide a basis for interventions that may limit excessive aggression, especially among young athletes. Violence in sports come in many forms, and it is grounded in social and cultural factors related to the sport ethics, commercialization, the dynamics of the social class and race and the strategies used in sports (SOURCE). Sports violence has significant consequences for athletes and presents challenges for those who wish to control it. Canadian Sociologist Mike Smith identified and developed four categories associated with on the field sport violence: Brutal body contact, borderline violence, quasi-criminal violence and criminal violence (Young 2007). Brutal body contact is associated with the physical practices that are common in certain sports and accepted by athletes as part of sport participation. Some examples are collisions, hits, tackles, blocks, body checks and other forms of forceful physical contact that can produce injuries (SOURCE). Borderline violence is described as the practice that violates the rules of the game but is accepted by most players and coaches because they are consistent with the norms of the sport ethic and as useful competition strategies. The most common example of borderline violence is the “brush back” pitch that is used in baseball (SOURCE). Quasi-criminal violence

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