Virginia Henderson's Theory

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Virginia Henderson’s “Basic Principles of Nursing” I. Introduction “The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or peaceful death) that he/she would perform unaided if he/she had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. And to do this in such a way as to help him/her gain independence as rapidly as possible (Virginia Henderson, 1961).” Henderson's work is widely used by nurses in different nations because of its practicality and realistic application in nursing practice. The nursing assessment, diagnosis, plan and evaluation parallels the doctors' general…show more content…
The new edition of her text was organized around a view of nursing where: "Nurses assisted individuals, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health, its recovery (or to a peaceful death), that they would perform unaided if they had the requisite strength, will or knowledge." This description of nursing concluded with the objective for giving nursing care; to help the individual be free of help as rapidly as possible. The textbook was used uniformly throughout hospital nursing schools in North America and served to standardize nursing practice. The International Council of Nurses commissioned her to write an essay entitled Basic Principles of Nursing Care (Geneva, 1960) for the use of nurses who had neither access to technology nor the medical care required to establish disease diagnoses. The ICN publication is available in 29 languages and is in current use throughout the world. Henderson's career in research began when she joined the Yale School of Nursing as Research Associate in 1953 to work on a critical review of nursing research. Her findings indicated that most nursing research studied nurses, not nursing care. A series of editorials she wrote for professional journals helped stimulate the reorientation of nursing
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