Visual Information Processing Paper

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Visual Information Processing Paper Laura Nancy Vargas PSYCH/64 December 2, 2013 Holly Berry Perception Paper Humans have a unique and wonderful device in how one sees. The eye and brain work together to turn the world into visual data one’s brain can understand and use. There are some eye conditions that inhibit the sight or the recognition of the shapes one sees. Research continues to overcome these conditions as well as to further understand the biochemical reaction that gives humans the sight and understanding one has of visual data. Included in the paper are some of the latest research methods. Describe Visual Information Processing The way a human eye and brain works together to produce visual data understandable to the…show more content…
According to current research there are about 800,000 ganglion cells in the human optic nerve (J.R. Anderson, 2009,pg. 35). The ganglion cells are where the first encoding of the visual information happens. Encoding is the process of recognizing the information and changing it into something one’s brains can understand and store. Each ganglion cell is dedicated to encoding information from a specific part of the retina. The optic nerve goes then to the visual cortex and the information enters the brain cells. There are two types of cells that are subcortical, or below the cortex; the lateral geniculate nucleus and the superior colliculus. The lateral geniculate nucleus is responsible for understanding details and recognizing objects. The superior colliculus is responsible for understanding where objects are located spatially. This collection of cells working together is called the “what-where” distinction. The division of labor continues, as the information is further processes. The “what” information travels to the temporal cortex, the “where” information travels to the parietal regions of the brain. The brain identifies what it sees in a series of steps. The brain makes a feature map of the eye breaking the visual field into sections. Information collected in a particular section of the visual field will always be sent to the
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