Being born on Australian soil for the Indigenous was regarded very important culturally, if a baby was born on the land, they were considered traditional owners of the land. Australian Indigenous women birthing was renowned traditionally as “Women’s Business”. The birthing process involved preparing a hole in the ground, covering the hole with soft leaves and grass as well as red, soft sand. The midwives that assisted the mothers in labour were grandmothers and other women in the community who could offer physical and emotional support that alleviated the discomfort, pain and fear of the birthing process (Jones 2012). Pre-colonisation evidence suggests that Aboriginal women very rarely had medical complaints during pregnancy, the diet women had was very strict and would consist of
There are many similarities and differences between the United States (U.S.) and New Zealand that make them unique. The U.S. has people from all around the world Including people from New Zealand. There is an abundance of jobs and opportunities for people who live there. They have freedom and liberty. This gives them rights that citizens of many other countries don’t have. They also have the right to vote for laws as well as political figures they want in office. Although the U.S. has some amazing qualities, New Zealand has many of the same Ideals, as well as several differences, but regardless both countries are amazing places.
Aboriginal women face disproportionate challenges throughout their incarceration which impacts their successful community reintegration. Over the last ten years, inmate assaults involving Aboriginal women have exponentially grown, almost doubling, while use of force incidents have more than tripled. Rates of self-injury involving incarcerated Aboriginal women are seventeen times higher than that of non-Aboriginal women. To agree with Baldry, Carlton, and Cunneen, using Indigenous women as a focus point is beneficial because their "experiences embody and exemplify the intersections between colonial and neocolonial oppression and the multiple sites of gender and disadvantage and inequality that stem from patriarchal domination." Cunneen highlights that Indigenous women actually live in "many prisons"; the prison of misunderstanding; the prison of misogyny; and the prison of disempowerment. Patricia Monture insists that one way women can resist oppression and facilitate social change is by telling their own stories. The Task Force for Federally Sentenced Women developed a report called Creating Choices, which attempted to relocate the power to make choices in womens' lives out of the hands of prison officials and back to the women themselves because, according to the findings of the Task Force, it is only when people are treated with respect and when they are empowered can they take responsibility for their actions and make meaningful decisions. Monture-Okanee reflects on the irony of the final report
Center convictions and qualities are gone from folks to kids and schools, places of worship, organizations and the Government is strengthened by. New Zealand is a multicultural country lives in the nation in each and every gathering so they put their things as per the gathering, as per the Group on the particular's chicagos pizza sort to use with a mixed bag of beverages so made.
In August of 2014, Tina Fontaine, a 15-year-old from the Sagkeeng First Nation in Winnipeg, was murdered. Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s response was not to regard it as a sociological phenomenon but as a crime against an individual that should be investigated (Canadian Press, 2014). Harper is virtually alone in this. Those demanding an inquiry and the treatment of this singular murder as part of the larger concern of
The Australian Identity by Isaiah Ainsley The typical Australian can be defined as muscular, tall and athletic, worldwide we are still seen as what we were in the 1800’s. That stereotype of let’s say Crocodile Dundee with the corkscrew hats living out in the bush is what we are seen as to anyone outside of Australia. Currently, the nation’s stereotype is dilute, where hegemonic, protest and alternative masculinities are interchangeable. Throughout multiple examples the idea of the stereotypical Australian being hegemonic is supported. Hegemonic society consists of patriarchy and homophobia.
Media representations are the ways in which the media portrays particular groups, communities, experience, ideas, or topics from a particular ideological or value perspective. They shape our perceptions of experience and can influence our beliefs. The Media representations of the Maori Culture shape a perception and give New Zealand Maori a negative perception of who they are and how they act. These representations also transfer to the rest of the world giving them a perception of what the Maori Culture is supposedly like. The "Bloody legend" advertisements, New Zealand show "Police Ten 7" and the NZ filmed and directed movie "BOY". All present a varied negative representation of the Maori Culture in New Zealand.
New Zealand has culture that has been there years ago. Recently there has been a new group of people that has changed not only the government, but have limited the natives to land. They also have killed these people off from the disease that they brought as well. Today the Maori or the native group had less than ten percent of the population. Agriculture was the base economic activity New Zealand. Today they are a major agricultural trade center and have some manufacturing. Australia has a lot of similarity with New Zealand, for example the main sports that they play are rugby and cricket . The country of New Zealand is special and has a difference that makes it stand out, which is the fact of it having more environmental problems that political. New Zealand 's five themes of geography and its problems make up how strong this country actually is. The 5 themes of this country play a role in the makeup of this strong country.
This article examines the attitudes that New Zealanders have developed in response to immigration patterns and policy. Exploring how social hierarchy and ethnicity shape immigration tolerance through economic inequality concerns, perceptions of threat and protection of Maori rights. Douglas gives substantiated arguments relevant to discussions on the bicultural environment of New Zealand politics and argues for the importance of political recognition for Maori.
Biculturalism has a massive role in Aoteaora New Zealand’s society and has a massive impact in its history. Having a clear understanding of it is crucial in order to be more appreciative of how diverse New Zealand’s society has become, and it also helps us discern the negative aspects of diversity and multiculturalism. By examining and understanding biculturalism, it helps us discern the Treaty of Waitangi’s role and influences in the human services provision here in New Zealand.
The Maori, “Children of Heaven”, are the indigenous people of New Zealand. It has been thought that Polynesian navigator Kupe, discovered New Zealand in 950 AD, and named the island Aotearoa, “Land of the long white cloud”.1 The Maori migrated to New Zealand from the tropical islands of
Women make up 51% of the New Zealand population, however, women in New Zealand parliament only make up just over 30% in parliament (2014). For women to be represented in parliament, it means that women need to be seen as a ‘norm’ in government, and therefore all positions of power. This under-representation can be linked to factors such as the environment and the culture of the New Zealand parliament and political parties. It is important to note that women are not a homogenous group; and we have to include ethnicity and class, which links into opportunity. This gender gap in parliament has caused societal issues to be silenced and minority groups to be left out of decision making and therefore society.
Wall speaks about four main Maori stereotypes within the Media; The Comic Other, The Primitive Natural Athlete, The Radical Political Activist, and The Quintessential Maori. These are shown in fairly modern contexts as well as earlier contexts.
“From the 1970s, a major cultural shift known as the ‘Maori Renaissance’ created a context for the emergence of a Maori perspective in New Zealand filmmaking.” The New Zealand feature film, Ngati is considered to be a product of the ‘Maori Renaissance’ and it remains a noteworthy film today for being the first film directed a Maori, namely Barry Barclay. This essay seeks to examine the racial representations of Maori and Pakeha, the historical context of the late 1940s and the Maori identity in Ngati. Barclay’s film is unlike previous films such as The Romance of Hinemoa, The Te Kooti Trial and Rewi’s Last Stand which was based on a dominating Pakeha perspective. The release of Ngati signalled a turn of tables in favour of Maori as they were able to present Maori and Pakeha representations, the historical context of the late 1940s and Maori identity from their perspective.
Throughout New Zealand history, historical roots have played a significant role in the development of modern Aotearoa New Zealand. The historical past has shaped various forms of present social dimensions within the nation today. This essay intends to discuss the controversial racial inequality in regards to the relationship between Maori and Pakeha within contemporary New Zealand society. This essay will explore two readings; “Plunder in the Promised Land: Māori Land Alienation and the Genesis of Capitalism in Aotearoa New Zealand” by Wynyard, Matthew and “Stereotypical Construction of the Maori ‘Race’ in the Media” by Wall, Melanie. This essay will also further discuss a brief summary on my personal reflection