Visual Schedule

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Using a Visual Schedule to Increase Student Attentiveness during Circle Time For young children who have difficulty communicating, visual schedule can be extremely helpful in allowing them to understand and see what is coming up next in their day. This can assist students who struggle to transition from one activity to another (Meadan, Ostrosky, Triplett, Michna, & Fettig, 2011). They can also be used to help children increase attention on the task and decrease dangerous and disruptive behaviors (Massey & Wheeler, 2000). A visual schedule allows a child to anticipate what is forthcoming in the day and when the child learns how to follow a schedule, it can be used as a way to more easily help explain changes in a routine (Quill, 1995).…show more content…
In this study, the researchers represented only the number of prompts given by the caregiver and the number of removals from a setting. A visual support was implemented to both participants to decrease unwanted behavior during the transitioning from one setting to another. The researchers identified the target behavior for each participant and tracked it during baseline, intervention, and maximum transition time. The introduction of the visual supports resulted in a significant decline in the inappropriate behaviors for the two participants. The researchers felt the use of the visual supports reduced the amount of time spent between activities as well as increased independence for each…show more content…
To do so, the researchers conducted functional behavior assessments (FBAs) on the participant who was three years old. Based on the results, the researchers anticipated that the participant would gain appropriate self-control and be less reliant on teacher prompts. The results showed a dramatic decrease in problem behaviors and increase in compliance during transitions. The schedule boards helped the child to keep track of the day’s events and to develop an understanding of time frames and environmental
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