Vitamin Deficiency : A Widespread Problem All Around The World

1457 Words Jan 6th, 2016 6 Pages
Vitamin deficiencies are a widespread problem all around the world. They are caused by very poor eating habits or due to people living in low income areas. The body requires many different types of vitamins and minerals for the development of the body and to prevent diseases and to keep our body healthy. These vitamins and minerals are known as micronutrients. These micronutrients aren’t produced naturally in our body so they have to be consumed in from the meals we eat. This is why it is so important to have a healthy balanced diet, so that our body gets the sufficient amount of nutrients needed to function properly. Some effects of vitamin deficiency are digestion, skin problems, defective bone growth, and even dementia. It isvery necessary to take fast action against these deficiencies as these could lead to chronic long-term health problems such as rickets, iron deficiency anemia, goiter, obesity, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, cancer and osteoporosis.

There are two types of vitamins, water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. Water-soluble vitamins go through our body and are absorbed in and the excess are discharged by the kidneys. Water soluble vitamins are needed by our bodies frequently but in small doses. Vitamin B6 at high levels over a long period of time has shown to cause severe nerve damage. Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the body 's cells and are not discharged as water-soluble vitamins. They do not need to be consumed as often…
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